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Sensors 2016, 16(12), 2182; doi:10.3390/s16122182

Monitoring Building Deformation with InSAR: Experiments and Validation

1
School of Geodesy and Geomatics, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
2
Tianjin Institute of Surveying and Mapping, Tianjin 300381, China
3
Chinese Academy of Surveying and Mapping, Beijing 100830, China
4
Tianjin Remote Sensing Center, Tianjin 300381, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jonathan Li
Received: 28 September 2016 / Revised: 16 November 2016 / Accepted: 12 December 2016 / Published: 20 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3528 KB, uploaded 20 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (InSAR) techniques are increasingly applied for monitoring land subsidence. The advantages of InSAR include high accuracy and the ability to cover large areas; nevertheless, research validating the use of InSAR on building deformation is limited. In this paper, we test the monitoring capability of the InSAR in experiments using two landmark buildings; the Bohai Building and the China Theater, located in Tianjin, China. They were selected as real examples to compare InSAR and leveling approaches for building deformation. Ten TerraSAR-X images spanning half a year were used in Permanent Scatterer InSAR processing. These extracted InSAR results were processed considering the diversity in both direction and spatial distribution, and were compared with true leveling values in both Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression and measurement of error analyses. The detailed experimental results for the Bohai Building and the China Theater showed a high correlation between InSAR results and the leveling values. At the same time, the two Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) indexes had values of approximately 1 mm. These analyses show that a millimeter level of accuracy can be achieved by means of InSAR technique when measuring building deformation. We discuss the differences in accuracy between OLS regression and measurement of error analyses, and compare the accuracy index of leveling in order to propose InSAR accuracy levels appropriate for monitoring buildings deformation. After assessing the advantages and limitations of InSAR techniques in monitoring buildings, further applications are evaluated. View Full-Text
Keywords: building deformation monitoring; InSAR; accuracy index; validation test; OLS regression analysis; measurement of error analysis building deformation monitoring; InSAR; accuracy index; validation test; OLS regression analysis; measurement of error analysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yang, K.; Yan, L.; Huang, G.; Chen, C.; Wu, Z. Monitoring Building Deformation with InSAR: Experiments and Validation. Sensors 2016, 16, 2182.

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