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Sensors 2016, 16(12), 2166; doi:10.3390/s16122166

High Accuracy Acquisition of 3-D Flight Trajectory of Individual Insect Based on Phase Measurement

Beijing Key Laboratory of Embedded Real-Time Information Processing Technology, School of Information and Electronics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 10081, China
Current address: Department of Electronics Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jonathan Li
Received: 1 September 2016 / Revised: 14 November 2016 / Accepted: 13 December 2016 / Published: 17 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
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Abstract

Accurate acquisition of 3-D flight trajectory of individual insect could be of benefit to the research of insect migration behaviors and the development of migratory entomology. This paper proposes a novel method to acquire 3-D flight trajectory of individual insect. First, based on the high range resolution synthesizing and the Doppler coherent processing, insects can be detected effectively, and the range resolution and velocity resolution are combined together to discriminate insects. Then, high accuracy range measurement with the carrier phase is proposed. The range measurement accuracy can reach millimeter level and benefits the acquisition of 3-D trajectory information significantly. Finally, based on the multi-baselines interferometry theory, the azimuth and elevation angles can be obtained with high accuracy. Simulation results prove that the retrieval accuracy of a simulated target’s 3-D coordinates can reach centimeter level. Experiments utilizing S-band radar in an anechoic chamber were taken and results showed that the insects’ flight behaviors and 3-D coordinates’ variation matched the practical cases well. In conclusion, both the simulated and experimental datasets validate the feasibility of the proposed method, which could be a novel measurement way of monitoring flight trajectory of aerial free-fly insects. View Full-Text
Keywords: insect migration; individual insect; 3-D flight trajectory; range measurement; angle measurement insect migration; individual insect; 3-D flight trajectory; range measurement; angle measurement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hu, C.; Deng, Y.; Wang, R.; Liu, C.; Long, T. High Accuracy Acquisition of 3-D Flight Trajectory of Individual Insect Based on Phase Measurement. Sensors 2016, 16, 2166.

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