A Smartphone Application for Personal Assessments of Body Composition and Phenotyping
AbstractPersonal assessments of body phenotype can enhance success in weight management but are limited by the lack of availability of practical methods. We describe a novel smart phone application of digital photography (DP) and determine its validity to estimate fat mass (FM). This approach utilizes the percent (%) occupancy of an individual lateral whole-body digital image and regions indicative of adipose accumulation associated with increased risk of cardio-metabolic disease. We measured 117 healthy adults (63 females and 54 males aged 19 to 65 years) with DP and dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and report here the development and validation of this application. Inter-observer variability of the determination of % occupancy was 0.02%. Predicted and reference FM values were significantly related in females (R2 = 0.949, SEE = 2.83) and males (R2 = 0.907, SEE = 2.71). Differences between predicted and measured FM values were small (0.02 kg, p = 0.96 and 0.07 kg, p = 0.96) for females and males, respectively. No significant bias was found; limits of agreement ranged from 5.6 to −5.4 kg for females and from 5.6 to −5.7 kg for males. These promising results indicate that DP is a practical and valid method for personal body composition assessments. View Full-Text
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Farina, G.L.; Spataro, F.; De Lorenzo, A.; Lukaski, H. A Smartphone Application for Personal Assessments of Body Composition and Phenotyping. Sensors 2016, 16, 2163.
Farina GL, Spataro F, De Lorenzo A, Lukaski H. A Smartphone Application for Personal Assessments of Body Composition and Phenotyping. Sensors. 2016; 16(12):2163.Chicago/Turabian Style
Farina, Gian L.; Spataro, Fabrizio; De Lorenzo, Antonino; Lukaski, Henry. 2016. "A Smartphone Application for Personal Assessments of Body Composition and Phenotyping." Sensors 16, no. 12: 2163.
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