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Sensors 2016, 16(10), 1772; doi:10.3390/s16101772

SNR Degradation in Undersampled Phase Measurement Systems

1
Institute of Geodesy and Photogrammetry, ETH Zürich, Zürich 8093, Switzerland
2
Department of Electronics, University of Alcalá, Madrid 28871, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Xue Wang
Received: 13 July 2016 / Revised: 23 September 2016 / Accepted: 19 October 2016 / Published: 24 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [597 KB, uploaded 24 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

A wide range of measuring applications rely on phase estimation on sinusoidal signals. These systems, where the estimation is mainly implemented in the digital domain, can generally benefit from the use of undersampling to reduce the digitizer and subsequent digital processing requirements. This may be crucial when the application characteristics necessarily imply a simple and inexpensive sensor. However, practical limitations related to the phase stability of the band-pass filter prior digitization establish restrictions to the reduction of noise bandwidth. Due to this, the undersampling intensity is practically defined by noise aliasing, taking into account the amount of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) reduction caused by it considering the application accuracy requirements. This work analyzes the relationship between undersampling frequency and SNR reduction, conditioned by the stability requirements of the filter that defines the noise bandwidth before digitization. The effect of undersampling is quantified in a practical situation where phase differences are measured by in-phase and quadrature (I/Q) demodulation for an infrared ranging application. View Full-Text
Keywords: phase measurement; undersampling; digitization; noise aliasing; optical ranging phase measurement; undersampling; digitization; noise aliasing; optical ranging
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Salido-Monzú, D.; Meca-Meca, F.J.; Martín-Gorostiza, E.; Lázaro-Galilea, J.L. SNR Degradation in Undersampled Phase Measurement Systems. Sensors 2016, 16, 1772.

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