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Sensors 2016, 16(10), 1674; doi:10.3390/s16101674

Visual and Plasmon Resonance Absorption Sensor for Adenosine Triphosphate Based on the High Affinity between Phosphate and Zr(IV)

1
State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130022, China
2
Chongqing Key Laboratory of Green Synthesis and Applications, College of Chemistry, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 401331, China
3
Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19A Yuquanlu, Beijing 100049, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Huangxian Ju
Received: 5 August 2016 / Revised: 19 September 2016 / Accepted: 29 September 2016 / Published: 12 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanobiosensing for Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7300 KB, uploaded 12 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

Zr(IV) can form phosphate and Zr(IV) (–PO32−–Zr4+–) complex owing to the high affinity between Zr(IV) with phosphate. Zr(IV) can induce the aggregation of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), while adenosine triphosphate(ATP) can prevent Zr(IV)-induced aggregation of AuNPs. Herein, a visual and plasmon resonance absorption (PRA)sensor for ATP have been developed using AuNPs based on the high affinity between Zr(IV)with ATP. AuNPs get aggregated in the presence of certain concentrations of Zr(IV). After the addition of ATP, ATP reacts with Zr(IV) and prevents AuNPs from aggregation, enabling the detection of ATP. Because of the fast interaction of ATP with Zr(IV), ATP can be detected with a detection limit of 0.5 μM within 2 min by the naked eye. Moreover, ATP can be detected by the PRA technique with higher sensitivity. The A520nm/A650nm values in PRA spectra increase linearly with the concentrations of ATP from 0.1 μM to 15 μM (r = 0.9945) with a detection limit of 28 nM. The proposed visual and PRA sensor exhibit good selectivity against adenosine, adenosine monophosphate, guanosine triphosphate, cytidine triphosphate and uridine triphosphate. The recoveries for the analysis of ATP in synthetic samples range from 95.3% to 102.0%. Therefore, the proposed novel sensor for ATP is promising for real-time or on-site detection of ATP. View Full-Text
Keywords: gold nanoparticles; adenosine triphosphate; plasmon resonance absorption; sensor gold nanoparticles; adenosine triphosphate; plasmon resonance absorption; sensor
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Qi, W.; Liu, Z.; Zhang, W.; Halawa, M.I.; Xu, G. Visual and Plasmon Resonance Absorption Sensor for Adenosine Triphosphate Based on the High Affinity between Phosphate and Zr(IV). Sensors 2016, 16, 1674.

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