A Microwave Ring-Resonator Sensor for Non-Invasive Assessment of Meat Aging
AbstractThe assessment of moisture loss from meat during the aging period is a critical issue for the meat industry. In this article, a non-invasive microwave ring-resonator sensor is presented to evaluate the moisture content, or more precisely water holding capacity (WHC) of broiler meat over a four-week period. The developed sensor has shown significant changes in its resonance frequency and return loss due to reduction in WHC in the studied duration. The obtained results are also confirmed by physical measurements. Further, these results are evaluated using the Fricke model, which provides a good fit for electric circuit components in biological tissue. Significant changes were observed in membrane integrity, where the corresponding capacitance decreases 30% in the early aging (0D-7D) period. Similarly, the losses associated with intracellular and extracellular fluids exhibit changed up to 42% and 53%, respectively. Ultimately, empirical polynomial models are developed to predict the electrical component values for a better understanding of aging effects. The measured and calculated values are found to be in good agreement. View Full-Text
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Jilani, M.T.; Wen, W.P.; Cheong, L.Y.; ur Rehman, M.Z. A Microwave Ring-Resonator Sensor for Non-Invasive Assessment of Meat Aging. Sensors 2016, 16, 52.
Jilani MT, Wen WP, Cheong LY, ur Rehman MZ. A Microwave Ring-Resonator Sensor for Non-Invasive Assessment of Meat Aging. Sensors. 2016; 16(1):52.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jilani, Muhammad T.; Wen, Wong P.; Cheong, Lee Y.; ur Rehman, Muhammad Z. 2016. "A Microwave Ring-Resonator Sensor for Non-Invasive Assessment of Meat Aging." Sensors 16, no. 1: 52.
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