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Sensors 2016, 16(1), 100; doi:10.3390/s16010100

Random Forest-Based Recognition of Isolated Sign Language Subwords Using Data from Accelerometers and Surface Electromyographic Sensors

Department of Electronic Science and Technology, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vittorio M. N. Passaro
Received: 12 November 2015 / Revised: 10 January 2016 / Accepted: 12 January 2016 / Published: 14 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract

Sign language recognition (SLR) has been widely used for communication amongst the hearing-impaired and non-verbal community. This paper proposes an accurate and robust SLR framework using an improved decision tree as the base classifier of random forests. This framework was used to recognize Chinese sign language subwords using recordings from a pair of portable devices worn on both arms consisting of accelerometers (ACC) and surface electromyography (sEMG) sensors. The experimental results demonstrated the validity of the proposed random forest-based method for recognition of Chinese sign language (CSL) subwords. With the proposed method, 98.25% average accuracy was obtained for the classification of a list of 121 frequently used CSL subwords. Moreover, the random forests method demonstrated a superior performance in resisting the impact of bad training samples. When the proportion of bad samples in the training set reached 50%, the recognition error rate of the random forest-based method was only 10.67%, while that of a single decision tree adopted in our previous work was almost 27.5%. Our study offers a practical way of realizing a robust and wearable EMG-ACC-based SLR systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: sign language recognition; surface electromyography; accelerometer; random forest sign language recognition; surface electromyography; accelerometer; random forest
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Su, R.; Chen, X.; Cao, S.; Zhang, X. Random Forest-Based Recognition of Isolated Sign Language Subwords Using Data from Accelerometers and Surface Electromyographic Sensors. Sensors 2016, 16, 100.

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