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Sensors 2015, 15(9), 24343-24373; doi:10.3390/s150924343

Implementation and Evaluation of Four Interoperable Open Standards for the Internet of Things

1
Department of Geomatics Engineering, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada
2
Center for Space and Remote Sensing Research, National Central University, No. 300, Jhongda Rd., Jhongli District, Taoyuan City 320, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stefan Poslad
Received: 20 April 2015 / Revised: 31 August 2015 / Accepted: 14 September 2015 / Published: 22 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)

Abstract

Recently, researchers are focusing on a new use of the Internet called the Internet of Things (IoT), in which enabled electronic devices can be remotely accessed over the Internet. As the realization of IoT concept is still in its early stages, manufacturers of Internet-connected devices and IoT web service providers are defining their proprietary protocols based on their targeted applications. Consequently, IoT becomes heterogeneous in terms of hardware capabilities and communication protocols. Addressing these heterogeneities by following open standards is a necessary step to communicate with various IoT devices. In this research, we assess the feasibility of applying existing open standards on resource-constrained IoT devices. The standard protocols developed in this research are OGC PUCK over Bluetooth, TinySOS, SOS over CoAP, and OGC SensorThings API. We believe that by hosting open standard protocols on IoT devices, not only do the devices become self-describable, self-contained, and interoperable, but innovative applications can also be easily developed with standardized interfaces. In addition, we use memory consumption, request message size, response message size, and response latency to benchmark the efficiency of the implemented protocols. In all, this research presents and evaluates standard-based solutions to better understand the feasibility of applying existing standards to the IoT vision. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet of Things; interoperability; sensor; IoT device; OGC SWE; Sensor Observation Service; PUCK; CoAP; SensorThings Internet of Things; interoperability; sensor; IoT device; OGC SWE; Sensor Observation Service; PUCK; CoAP; SensorThings
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jazayeri, M.A.; Liang, S.H.L.; Huang, C.-Y. Implementation and Evaluation of Four Interoperable Open Standards for the Internet of Things. Sensors 2015, 15, 24343-24373.

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