A New Trans-Tympanic Microphone Approach for Fully Implantable Hearing Devices
AbstractFully implantable hearing devices (FIHDs) have been developed as a new technology to overcome the disadvantages of conventional acoustic hearing aids. The implantable microphones currently used in FIHDs, however, have difficulty achieving high sensitivity to environmental sounds, low sensitivity to body noise, and ease of implantation. In general, implantable microphones may be placed under the skin in the temporal bone region of the skull. In this situation, body noise picked up during mastication and touching can be significant, and the layer of skin and hair can both attenuate and distort sounds. The new approach presently proposed is a microphone implanted at the tympanic membrane. This method increases the microphone’s sensitivity by utilizing the pinna’s directionally dependent sound collection capabilities and the natural resonances of the ear canal. The sensitivity and insertion loss of this microphone were measured in human cadaveric specimens in the 0.1 to 16 kHz frequency range. In addition, the maximum stable gain due to feedback between the trans-tympanic microphone and a round-window-drive transducer, was measured. The results confirmed in situ high-performance capabilities of the proposed trans-tympanic microphone. View Full-Text
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Woo, S.T.; Shin, D.H.; Lim, H.-G.; Seong, K.-W.; Gottlieb, P.; Puria, S.; Lee, K.-Y.; Cho, J.-H. A New Trans-Tympanic Microphone Approach for Fully Implantable Hearing Devices. Sensors 2015, 15, 22798-22810.
Woo ST, Shin DH, Lim H-G, Seong K-W, Gottlieb P, Puria S, Lee K-Y, Cho J-H. A New Trans-Tympanic Microphone Approach for Fully Implantable Hearing Devices. Sensors. 2015; 15(9):22798-22810.Chicago/Turabian Style
Woo, Seong T.; Shin, Dong H.; Lim, Hyung-Gyu; Seong, Ki-Woong; Gottlieb, Peter; Puria, Sunil; Lee, Kyu-Yup; Cho, Jin-Ho. 2015. "A New Trans-Tympanic Microphone Approach for Fully Implantable Hearing Devices." Sensors 15, no. 9: 22798-22810.