In Situ 3D Segmentation of Individual Plant Leaves Using a RGB-D Camera for Agricultural Automation
AbstractIn this paper, we present a challenging task of 3D segmentation of individual plant leaves from occlusions in the complicated natural scene. Depth data of plant leaves is introduced to improve the robustness of plant leaf segmentation. The low cost RGB-D camera is utilized to capture depth and color image in fields. Mean shift clustering is applied to segment plant leaves in depth image. Plant leaves are extracted from the natural background by examining vegetation of the candidate segments produced by mean shift. Subsequently, individual leaves are segmented from occlusions by active contour models. Automatic initialization of the active contour models is implemented by calculating the center of divergence from the gradient vector field of depth image. The proposed segmentation scheme is tested through experiments under greenhouse conditions. The overall segmentation rate is 87.97% while segmentation rates for single and occluded leaves are 92.10% and 86.67%, respectively. Approximately half of the experimental results show segmentation rates of individual leaves higher than 90%. Nevertheless, the proposed method is able to segment individual leaves from heavy occlusions. View Full-Text
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Xia, C.; Wang, L.; Chung, B.-K.; Lee, J.-M. In Situ 3D Segmentation of Individual Plant Leaves Using a RGB-D Camera for Agricultural Automation. Sensors 2015, 15, 20463-20479.
Xia C, Wang L, Chung B-K, Lee J-M. In Situ 3D Segmentation of Individual Plant Leaves Using a RGB-D Camera for Agricultural Automation. Sensors. 2015; 15(8):20463-20479.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xia, Chunlei; Wang, Longtan; Chung, Bu-Keun; Lee, Jang-Myung. 2015. "In Situ 3D Segmentation of Individual Plant Leaves Using a RGB-D Camera for Agricultural Automation." Sensors 15, no. 8: 20463-20479.