Stand-Off Biodetection with Free-Space Coupled Asymmetric Microsphere Cavities
AbstractAsymmetric microsphere resonant cavities (ARCs) allow for free-space coupling to high quality (Q) whispering gallery modes (WGMs) while exhibiting highly directional light emission, enabling WGM resonance measurements in the far-field. These remarkable characteristics make “stand-off” biodetection in which no coupling device is required in near-field contact with the resonator possible. Here we show asymmetric microsphere resonators fabricated from optical fibers which support dynamical tunneling to excite high-Q WGMs, and demonstrate free-space coupling to modes in an aqueous environment. We characterize the directional emission by fluorescence imaging, demonstrate coupled mode effects due to free space coupling by dynamical tunneling, and detect adsorption kinetics of a protein in aqueous solution. Based on our approach, new, more robust WGM biodetection schemes involving microfluidics and in-vivo measurements can be designed. View Full-Text
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Ballard, Z.; Baaske, M.D.; Vollmer, F. Stand-Off Biodetection with Free-Space Coupled Asymmetric Microsphere Cavities. Sensors 2015, 15, 8968-8980.
Ballard Z, Baaske MD, Vollmer F. Stand-Off Biodetection with Free-Space Coupled Asymmetric Microsphere Cavities. Sensors. 2015; 15(4):8968-8980.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ballard, Zachary; Baaske, Martin D.; Vollmer, Frank. 2015. "Stand-Off Biodetection with Free-Space Coupled Asymmetric Microsphere Cavities." Sensors 15, no. 4: 8968-8980.