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Sensors 2015, 15(3), 5783-5802; doi:10.3390/s150305783

Tightly Coupled Integration of Ionosphere-Constrained Precise Point Positioning and Inertial Navigation Systems

1
School of Geodesy and Geomatics, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
2
GNSS Research Center, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
3
German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ), Telegrafenberg, Potsdam 14473, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gert F. Trommer
Received: 9 January 2015 / Revised: 26 February 2015 / Accepted: 27 February 2015 / Published: 10 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inertial Sensors and Systems)
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Abstract

The continuity and reliability of precise GNSS positioning can be seriously limited by severe user observation environments. The Inertial Navigation System (INS) can overcome such drawbacks, but its performance is clearly restricted by INS sensor errors over time. Accordingly, the tightly coupled integration of GPS and INS can overcome the disadvantages of each individual system and together form a new navigation system with a higher accuracy, reliability and availability. Recently, ionosphere-constrained (IC) precise point positioning (PPP) utilizing raw GPS observations was proven able to improve both the convergence and positioning accuracy of the conventional PPP using ionosphere-free combined observations (LC-PPP). In this paper, a new mode of tightly coupled integration, in which the IC-PPP instead of LC-PPP is employed, is implemented to further improve the performance of the coupled system. We present the detailed mathematical model and the related algorithm of the new integration of IC-PPP and INS. To evaluate the performance of the new tightly coupled integration, data of both airborne and vehicle experiments with a geodetic GPS receiver and tactical grade inertial measurement unit are processed and the results are analyzed. The statistics show that the new approach can further improve the positioning accuracy compared with both IC-PPP and the tightly coupled integration of the conventional PPP and INS. View Full-Text
Keywords: global navigation satellite system (GNSS); inertial navigation system (INS); GNSS/INS tightly coupled integration; ionospheric-constrained precise point positioning; re-convergence global navigation satellite system (GNSS); inertial navigation system (INS); GNSS/INS tightly coupled integration; ionospheric-constrained precise point positioning; re-convergence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gao, Z.; Zhang, H.; Ge, M.; Niu, X.; Shen, W.; Wickert, J.; Schuh, H. Tightly Coupled Integration of Ionosphere-Constrained Precise Point Positioning and Inertial Navigation Systems. Sensors 2015, 15, 5783-5802.

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