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Sensors 2015, 15(3), 5763-5782; doi:10.3390/s150305763

DCPVP: Distributed Clustering Protocol Using Voting and Priority for Wireless Sensor Networks

Faculty of Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz 61639, Iran
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Leonhard M. Reindl
Received: 16 December 2014 / Revised: 21 February 2015 / Accepted: 27 February 2015 / Published: 10 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
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Abstract

This paper presents a new clustering protocol for designing energy-efficient hierarchical wireless sensor networks (WSNs) by dividing the distributed sensor network into virtual sensor groups to satisfy the scalability and prolong the network lifetime in large-scale applications. The proposed approach is a distributed clustering protocol called DCPVP, which is based on voting and priority ideas. In the DCPVP protocol, the size of clusters is based on the distance of nodes from the data link such as base station (BS) and the local node density. The cluster heads are elected based on the mean distance from neighbors, remaining energy and the times of being elected as cluster head. The performance of the DCPVP protocol is compared with some well-known clustering protocols in literature such as the LEACH, HEED, WCA, GCMRA and TCAC protocols. The simulation results confirm that the prioritizing- and voting-based election ideas decrease the construction time and the energy consumption of clustering progress in sensor networks and consequently improve the lifetime of networks with limited resources and battery powered nodes in harsh and inaccessible environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless sensor network; clustering; routing; voting; prioritize; energy efficiency wireless sensor network; clustering; routing; voting; prioritize; energy efficiency
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hematkhah, H.; Kavian, Y.S. DCPVP: Distributed Clustering Protocol Using Voting and Priority for Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2015, 15, 5763-5782.

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