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Sensors 2015, 15(3), 5687-5696; doi:10.3390/s150305687

Magnetization Reversal and Magnetic Anisotropy in Ordered CoNiP Nanowire Arrays: Effects of Wire Diameter

Faculty of Engineering Physics and Nanotechnology, VNU University of Engineering Technology, Vietnam National University, 144 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi, Vietnam
Faculty of Basic Science, Hanoi Industrial College for Textile, Garment and Fashion Le Chi, Gia Lam, Hanoi, Vietnam
Faculty of Physics, VNU University of Science, Vietnam National University, 334 Nguyen Trai, Thanh Xuan, Hanoi, Vietnam
Department of Physics, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620, USA
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vittorio M.N. Passaro
Received: 16 December 2014 / Revised: 15 January 2015 / Accepted: 3 March 2015 / Published: 9 March 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2169 KB, uploaded 9 March 2015]   |  


Ordered CoNiP nanowires with the same length of 4 µm and varying diameters (d = 100 nm–600 nm) were fabricated by electrodeposition of CoNiP onto polycarbonate templates. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy confirmed the quality of the fabricated nanowires. Magnetic measurements and theoretical analysis revealed that the magnetization reversal and magnetic anisotropy were significantly influenced by varying of the diameters of the nanowires. There existed a critical wire diameter (dc ≈ 276 nm), below which the magnetization reversal occurred via a coherent rotation mode, and above which the magnetization reversal occurred via a curling rotation mode. The easy axis of the magnetization tended to change in direction from parallel to perpendicular with respect to the wire axis as the wire diameter exceeded dc ≈ 276 nm. With increasing wire diameter, the coercive field (Hc) and the remanent to saturation magnetization ratio (Mr/Ms) were also found to rapidly decrease in the range d = 100–400 nm and gradually decrease for d > 400 nm. View Full-Text
Keywords: CoNiP nanowires; magnetic properties; electrodeposition; magnetic sensors CoNiP nanowires; magnetic properties; electrodeposition; magnetic sensors

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Van Thiem, L.; Tu, L.T.; Phan, M.-H. Magnetization Reversal and Magnetic Anisotropy in Ordered CoNiP Nanowire Arrays: Effects of Wire Diameter. Sensors 2015, 15, 5687-5696.

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