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Sensors 2015, 15(2), 4154-4175; doi:10.3390/s150204154

Characterization of a Field Spectroradiometer for Unattended Vegetation Monitoring. Key Sensor Models and Impacts on Reflectance

Environmental Remote Sensing and Spectrosocopy Laboratory (SpecLab), Instituto de Economía, Geografía y Demografía (IEGD), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Albasanz 26-28, 28037 Madrid, Spain
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Received: 20 October 2014 / Accepted: 6 February 2015 / Published: 11 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
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Abstract

Field spectroradiometers integrated in automated systems at Eddy Covariance (EC) sites are a powerful tool for monitoring and upscaling vegetation physiology and carbon and water fluxes. However, exposure to varying environmental conditions can affect the functioning of these sensors, especially if these cannot be completely insulated and stabilized. This can cause inaccuracy in the spectral measurements and hinder the comparison between data acquired at different sites. This paper describes the characterization of key sensor models in a double beam spectroradiometer necessary to calculate the Hemispherical-Conical Reflectance Factor (HCRF). Dark current, temperature dependence, non-linearity, spectral calibration and cosine receptor directional responses are modeled in the laboratory as a function of temperature, instrument settings, radiation measured or illumination angle. These models are used to correct the spectral measurements acquired continuously by the same instrument integrated outdoors in an automated system (AMSPEC-MED). Results suggest that part of the instrumental issues cancel out mutually or can be controlled by the instrument configuration, so that changes induced in HCFR reached about 0.05 at maximum. However, these corrections are necessary to ensure the inter-comparison of data with other ground or remote sensors and to discriminate instrumentally induced changes in HCRF from those related with vegetation physiology and directional effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: spectroradiometer; automated system; characterization; sensor model; dark current; non-linearity; temperature dependence; spectral calibration; cosine directional response; hemispherical-conical reflectance factor spectroradiometer; automated system; characterization; sensor model; dark current; non-linearity; temperature dependence; spectral calibration; cosine directional response; hemispherical-conical reflectance factor
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pacheco-Labrador, J.; Martín, M.P. Characterization of a Field Spectroradiometer for Unattended Vegetation Monitoring. Key Sensor Models and Impacts on Reflectance. Sensors 2015, 15, 4154-4175.

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