Next Article in Journal
Eye-Safe Lidar System for Pesticide Spray Drift Measurement
Previous Article in Journal
Development of a Moisture-in-Solid-Insulation Sensor for Power Transformers
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2015, 15(2), 3625-3649; doi:10.3390/s150203625

Chain-Based Communication in Cylindrical Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks

1
COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
2
Internetworking Program, FE, Dalhousie University, Halifax B3J 4R2, Canada
3
CIS, Higher Colleges of Technology, Fujairah Campus 4114, UAE
4
B.M.T, C.A.M.S, King Saud University, Riyadh 11633, Saudi Arabia
5
Deanship of E-Transactions and Communication, King Saud University, Riyadh 11692, Saudi Arabia
6
Department of Computer Science, Kuwait University, Kuwait City 13060, Kuwait
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 December 2014 / Revised: 23 January 2015 / Accepted: 29 January 2015 / Published: 4 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [12259 KB, uploaded 4 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

Appropriate network design is very significant for Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs). Application-oriented UWSNs are planned to achieve certain objectives. Therefore, there is always a demand for efficient data routing schemes, which can fulfill certain requirements of application-oriented UWSNs. These networks can be of any shape, i.e., rectangular, cylindrical or square. In this paper, we propose chain-based routing schemes for application-oriented cylindrical networks and also formulate mathematical models to find a global optimum path for data transmission. In the first scheme, we devise four interconnected chains of sensor nodes to perform data communication. In the second scheme, we propose routing scheme in which two chains of sensor nodes are interconnected, whereas in third scheme single-chain based routing is done in cylindrical networks. After finding local optimum paths in separate chains, we find global optimum paths through their interconnection. Moreover, we develop a computational model for the analysis of end-to-end delay. We compare the performance of the above three proposed schemes with that of Power Efficient Gathering System in Sensor Information Systems (PEGASIS) and Congestion adjusted PEGASIS (C-PEGASIS). Simulation results show that our proposed 4-chain based scheme performs better than the other selected schemes in terms of network lifetime, end-to-end delay, path loss, transmission loss, and packet sending rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: chain-based routing; cylindrical networks; routing protocols; UWSNs chain-based routing; cylindrical networks; routing protocols; UWSNs
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Javaid, N.; Jafri, M.R.; Khan, Z.A.; Alrajeh, N.; Imran, M.; Vasilakos, A. Chain-Based Communication in Cylindrical Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2015, 15, 3625-3649.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top