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Sensors 2015, 15(11), 28490-28501; doi:10.3390/s151128490

Performance Evaluation of a Multichannel All-In-One Phantom Dosimeter for Dose Measurement of Diagnostic X-ray Beam

1
School of Biomedical Engineering, College of Biomedical & Health Science, BK21 Plus Research Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Konkuk University, 268 Chungwon-daero, Chungju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, 380-701, Korea
2
Research & Development Center, JPI Healthcare, Osongsaengmyeong 1-ro, Osong-eup, Cheongwon-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do, 363-951, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Patricia A. Broderick
Received: 17 September 2015 / Revised: 26 October 2015 / Accepted: 5 November 2015 / Published: 11 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2221 KB, uploaded 11 November 2015]   |  

Abstract

We developed a multichannel all-in-one phantom dosimeter system composed of nine sensing probes, a chest phantom, an image intensifier, and a complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) image sensor to measure the dose distribution of an X-ray beam used in radiation diagnosis. Nine sensing probes of the phantom dosimeter were fabricated identically by connecting a plastic scintillating fiber (PSF) to a plastic optical fiber (POF). To measure the planar dose distribution on a chest phantom according to exposure parameters used in clinical practice, we divided the top of the chest phantom into nine equal parts virtually and then installed the nine sensing probes at each center of the nine equal parts on the top of the chest phantom as measuring points. Each scintillation signal generated in the nine sensing probes was transmitted through the POFs and then intensified by the image intensifier because the scintillation signal normally has a very low light intensity. Real-time scintillation images (RSIs) containing the intensified scintillation signals were taken by the CMOS image sensor with a single lens optical system and displayed through a software program. Under variation of the exposure parameters, we measured RSIs containing dose information using the multichannel all-in-one phantom dosimeter and compared the results with the absorbed doses obtained by using a semiconductor dosimeter (SCD). From the experimental results of this study, the light intensities of nine regions of interest (ROI) in the RSI measured by the phantom dosimeter were similar to the dose distribution obtained using the SCD. In conclusion, we demonstrated that the planar dose distribution including the entrance surface dose (ESD) can be easily measured by using the proposed phantom dosimeter system. View Full-Text
Keywords: dosimeter; dose distribution; radiation diagnosis; scintillation signal; chest phantom dosimeter; dose distribution; radiation diagnosis; scintillation signal; chest phantom
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jeon, H.; Yoo, W.J.; Shin, S.H.; Kwon, G.; Kim, M.; Kim, H.J.; Song, Y.B.; Jang, K.W.; Youn, W.S.; Lee, B. Performance Evaluation of a Multichannel All-In-One Phantom Dosimeter for Dose Measurement of Diagnostic X-ray Beam. Sensors 2015, 15, 28490-28501.

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