Design of a Humidity Sensor Tag for Passive Wireless Applications
AbstractThis paper presents a wireless humidity sensor tag for low-cost and low-power applications. The proposed humidity sensor tag, based on radio frequency identification (RFID) technology, was fabricated in a standard 0.18 μm complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) process. The top metal layer was deposited to form the interdigitated electrodes, which were then filled with polyimide as the humidity sensing layer. A two-stage rectifier adopts a dynamic bias-voltage generator to boost the effective gate-source voltage of the switches in differential-drive architecture, resulting in a flat power conversion efficiency curve. The capacitive sensor interface, based on phase-locked loop (PLL) theory, employs a simple architecture and can work with 0.5 V supply voltage. The measurement results show that humidity sensor tag achieves excellent linearity, hysteresis and stability performance. The total power-dissipation of the sensor tag is 2.5 μW, resulting in a maximum operating distance of 23 m under 4 W of radiation power of the RFID reader. View Full-Text
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Wu, X.; Deng, F.; Hao, Y.; Fu, Z.; Zhang, L. Design of a Humidity Sensor Tag for Passive Wireless Applications. Sensors 2015, 15, 25564-25576.
Wu X, Deng F, Hao Y, Fu Z, Zhang L. Design of a Humidity Sensor Tag for Passive Wireless Applications. Sensors. 2015; 15(10):25564-25576.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wu, Xiang; Deng, Fangming; Hao, Yong; Fu, Zhihui; Zhang, Lihua. 2015. "Design of a Humidity Sensor Tag for Passive Wireless Applications." Sensors 15, no. 10: 25564-25576.