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Sensors 2014, 14(9), 16932-16954; doi:10.3390/s140916932

Applications of Wireless Sensor Networks in Marine Environment Monitoring: A Survey

Lab of Ocean Remote Sensing & Information Technology, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang 524088, China
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5B9, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 July 2014 / Revised: 29 August 2014 / Accepted: 3 September 2014 / Published: 11 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wireless Sensor Networks and the Internet of Things)
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With the rapid development of society and the economy, an increasing number of human activities have gradually destroyed the marine environment. Marine environment monitoring is a vital problem and has increasingly attracted a great deal of research and development attention. During the past decade, various marine environment monitoring systems have been developed. The traditional marine environment monitoring system using an oceanographic research vessel is expensive and time-consuming and has a low resolution both in time and space. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have recently been considered as potentially promising alternatives for monitoring marine environments since they have a number of advantages such as unmanned operation, easy deployment, real-time monitoring, and relatively low cost. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art technologies in the field of marine environment monitoring using wireless sensor networks. It first describes application areas, a common architecture of WSN-based oceanographic monitoring systems, a general architecture of an oceanographic sensor node, sensing parameters and sensors, and wireless communication technologies. Then, it presents a detailed review of some related projects, systems, techniques, approaches and algorithms. It also discusses challenges and opportunities in the research, development, and deployment of wireless sensor networks for marine environment monitoring. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless sensors; wireless sensor networks; marine environment monitoring; buoys; energy harvesting wireless sensors; wireless sensor networks; marine environment monitoring; buoys; energy harvesting

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Xu, G.; Shen, W.; Wang, X. Applications of Wireless Sensor Networks in Marine Environment Monitoring: A Survey. Sensors 2014, 14, 16932-16954.

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