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Sensors 2014, 14(9), 16532-16562; doi:10.3390/s140916532

Robust Dead Reckoning System for Mobile Robots Based on Particle Filter and Raw Range Scan

1
Zhongshan Institute, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, No. 713,Mingde Building, Zhongshan 528400, China
2
School of Information Science and Engineering, Central South University, No. 204, Minzhu Building,Changsha 410083, China
3
School of Software, South China University of Technology, Higher Education Mega Center, Guangzhou 510006, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 April 2014 / Revised: 26 July 2014 / Accepted: 28 July 2014 / Published: 4 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)

Abstract

Robust dead reckoning is a complicated problem for wheeled mobile robots (WMRs), where the robots are faulty, such as the sticking of sensors or the slippage of wheels, for the discrete fault models and the continuous states have to be estimated simultaneously to reach a reliable fault diagnosis and accurate dead reckoning. Particle filters are one of the most promising approaches to handle hybrid system estimation problems, and they have also been widely used in many WMRs applications, such as pose tracking, SLAM, video tracking, fault identification, etc. In this paper, the readings of a laser range finder, which may be also interfered with by noises, are used to reach accurate dead reckoning. The main contribution is that a systematic method to implement fault diagnosis and dead reckoning in a particle filter framework concurrently is proposed. Firstly, the perception model of a laser range finder is given, where the raw scan may be faulty. Secondly, the kinematics of the normal model and different fault models for WMRs are given. Thirdly, the particle filter for fault diagnosis and dead reckoning is discussed. At last, experiments and analyses are reported to show the accuracy and efficiency of the presented method. View Full-Text
Keywords: mobile robots; fault diagnosis; robust dead reckoning; particle filters; raw scan matching mobile robots; fault diagnosis; robust dead reckoning; particle filters; raw scan matching
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Duan, Z.; Cai, Z.; Min, H. Robust Dead Reckoning System for Mobile Robots Based on Particle Filter and Raw Range Scan. Sensors 2014, 14, 16532-16562.

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