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Sensors 2014, 14(7), 13149-13170; doi:10.3390/s140713149
Article

An Integrated Environment Monitoring System for Underground Coal Mines—Wireless Sensor Network Subsystem with Multi-Parameter Monitoring

1,2,* , 1
, 3
 and 4
Received: 1 May 2014; in revised form: 9 July 2014 / Accepted: 14 July 2014 / Published: 21 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
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Abstract: Environment monitoring is important for the safety of underground coal mine production, and it is also an important application of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). We put forward an integrated environment monitoring system for underground coal mine, which uses the existing Cable Monitoring System (CMS) as the main body and the WSN with multi-parameter monitoring as the supplementary technique. As CMS techniques are mature, this paper mainly focuses on the WSN and the interconnection between the WSN and the CMS. In order to implement the WSN for underground coal mines, two work modes are designed: periodic inspection and interrupt service; the relevant supporting technologies, such as routing mechanism, collision avoidance, data aggregation, interconnection with the CMS, etc., are proposed and analyzed. As WSN nodes are limited in energy supply, calculation and processing power, an integrated network management scheme is designed in four aspects, i.e., topology management, location management, energy management and fault management. Experiments were carried out both in a laboratory and in a real underground coal mine. The test results indicate that the proposed integrated environment monitoring system for underground coal mines is feasible and all designs performed well as expected.
Keywords: multi-parameter monitoring; network management; underground coal mine; wireless sensor network multi-parameter monitoring; network management; underground coal mine; wireless sensor network
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.; Yang, W.; Han, D.; Kim, Y.-I. An Integrated Environment Monitoring System for Underground Coal Mines—Wireless Sensor Network Subsystem with Multi-Parameter Monitoring. Sensors 2014, 14, 13149-13170.

AMA Style

Zhang Y, Yang W, Han D, Kim Y-I. An Integrated Environment Monitoring System for Underground Coal Mines—Wireless Sensor Network Subsystem with Multi-Parameter Monitoring. Sensors. 2014; 14(7):13149-13170.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Yu; Yang, Wei; Han, Dongsheng; Kim, Young-Il. 2014. "An Integrated Environment Monitoring System for Underground Coal Mines—Wireless Sensor Network Subsystem with Multi-Parameter Monitoring." Sensors 14, no. 7: 13149-13170.


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