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Sensors 2014, 14(6), 10306-10345; doi:10.3390/s140610306

A Comprehensive Study on Technologies of Tyre Monitoring Systems and Possible Energy Solutions

1
Fusion Innovations Ltd, Research and Innovation Services, Birmingham Research Park, Vincent Drive, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2SQ, UK
2
School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 August 2013 / Revised: 10 May 2014 / Accepted: 15 May 2014 / Published: 11 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract

This article presents an overview on the state of the art of Tyre Pressure Monitoring System related technologies. This includes examining the latest pressure sensing methods and comparing different types of pressure transducers, particularly their power consumption and measuring range. Having the aim of this research to investigate possible means to obtain a tyre condition monitoring system (TCMS) powered by energy harvesting, various approaches of energy harvesting techniques were evaluated to determine which approach is the most applicable for generating energy within the pneumatic tyre domain and under rolling tyre dynamic conditions. This article starts with an historical review of pneumatic tyre development and demonstrates the reasons and explains the need for using a tyre condition monitoring system. Following this, different tyre pressure measurement approaches are compared in order to determine what type of pressure sensor is best to consider in the research proposal plan. Then possible energy harvesting means inside land vehicle pneumatic tyres are reviewed. Following this, state of the art battery-less tyre pressure monitoring systems developed by individual researchers or by world leading tyre manufacturers are presented. Finally conclusions are drawn based on the reviewed documents cited in this article and a research proposal plan is presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: TPMS; pressure sensor; energy harvesting means; tyre structure TPMS; pressure sensor; energy harvesting means; tyre structure
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kubba, A.E.; Jiang, K. A Comprehensive Study on Technologies of Tyre Monitoring Systems and Possible Energy Solutions. Sensors 2014, 14, 10306-10345.

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