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Sensors 2014, 14(5), 8096-8125; doi:10.3390/s140508096
Article

Wayside Bearing Fault Diagnosis Based on a Data-Driven Doppler Effect Eliminator and Transient Model Analysis

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Received: 10 January 2014; in revised form: 26 April 2014 / Accepted: 28 April 2014 / Published: 5 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: A fault diagnosis strategy based on the wayside acoustic monitoring technique is investigated for locomotive bearing fault diagnosis. Inspired by the transient modeling analysis method based on correlation filtering analysis, a so-called Parametric-Mother-Doppler-Wavelet (PMDW) is constructed with six parameters, including a center characteristic frequency and five kinematic model parameters. A Doppler effect eliminator containing a PMDW generator, a correlation filtering analysis module, and a signal resampler is invented to eliminate the Doppler effect embedded in the acoustic signal of the recorded bearing. Through the Doppler effect eliminator, the five kinematic model parameters can be identified based on the signal itself. Then, the signal resampler is applied to eliminate the Doppler effect using the identified parameters. With the ability to detect early bearing faults, the transient model analysis method is employed to detect localized bearing faults after the embedded Doppler effect is eliminated. The effectiveness of the proposed fault diagnosis strategy is verified via simulation studies and applications to diagnose locomotive roller bearing defects.
Keywords: fault diagnosis; locomotive bearing; wayside monitoring; Doppler effect; transient model fault diagnosis; locomotive bearing; wayside monitoring; Doppler effect; transient model
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, F.; Shen, C.; He, Q.; Zhang, A.; Liu, Y.; Kong, F. Wayside Bearing Fault Diagnosis Based on a Data-Driven Doppler Effect Eliminator and Transient Model Analysis. Sensors 2014, 14, 8096-8125.

AMA Style

Liu F, Shen C, He Q, Zhang A, Liu Y, Kong F. Wayside Bearing Fault Diagnosis Based on a Data-Driven Doppler Effect Eliminator and Transient Model Analysis. Sensors. 2014; 14(5):8096-8125.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Fang; Shen, Changqing; He, Qingbo; Zhang, Ao; Liu, Yongbin; Kong, Fanrang. 2014. "Wayside Bearing Fault Diagnosis Based on a Data-Driven Doppler Effect Eliminator and Transient Model Analysis." Sensors 14, no. 5: 8096-8125.


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