Sensors 2014, 14(4), 6056-6083; doi:10.3390/s140406056
Article

Electroless Deposition and Nanolithography Can Control the Formation of Materials at the Nano-Scale for Plasmonic Applications

1,†email, 1,2,†,* email, 3email, 1email, 1email, 1email and 1,3email
Received: 20 December 2013; in revised form: 10 March 2014 / Accepted: 21 March 2014 / Published: 27 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Single Biomolecule Detection)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The new revolution in materials science is being driven by our ability to manipulate matter at the molecular level to create structures with novel functions and properties. The aim of this paper is to explore new strategies to obtain plasmonic metal nanostructures through the combination of a top down method, that is electron beam lithography, and a bottom up technique, that is the chemical electroless deposition. This technique allows a tight control over the shape and size of bi- and three-dimensional metal patterns at the nano scale. The resulting nanostructures can be used as constituents of Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) substrates, where the electromagnetic field is strongly amplified. Our results indicate that, in electroless growth, high quality metal nanostructures with sizes below 50 nm may be easily obtained. These findings were explained within the framework of a diffusion limited aggregation (DLA) model, that is a simulation model that makes it possible to decipher, at an atomic level, the rules governing the evolution of the growth front; moreover, we give a description of the physical mechanisms of growth at a basic level. In the discussion, we show how these findings can be utilized to fabricate dimers of silver nanospheres where the size and shape of those spheres is controlled with extreme precision and can be used for very large area SERS substrates and nano-optics, for single molecule detection.
Keywords: metal nanoparticles; superclusters; electroless deposition; DLA; nanoscale systems; nano-optics and photonics; SERS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Coluccio, M.L.; Gentile, F.; Francardi, M.; Perozziello, G.; Malara, N.; Candeloro, P.; Di Fabrizio, E. Electroless Deposition and Nanolithography Can Control the Formation of Materials at the Nano-Scale for Plasmonic Applications. Sensors 2014, 14, 6056-6083.

AMA Style

Coluccio ML, Gentile F, Francardi M, Perozziello G, Malara N, Candeloro P, Di Fabrizio E. Electroless Deposition and Nanolithography Can Control the Formation of Materials at the Nano-Scale for Plasmonic Applications. Sensors. 2014; 14(4):6056-6083.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Coluccio, Maria L.; Gentile, Francesco; Francardi, Marco; Perozziello, Gerardo; Malara, Natalia; Candeloro, Patrizio; Di Fabrizio, Enzo. 2014. "Electroless Deposition and Nanolithography Can Control the Formation of Materials at the Nano-Scale for Plasmonic Applications." Sensors 14, no. 4: 6056-6083.

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