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Sensors 2014, 14(3), 4342-4363; doi:10.3390/s140304342
Article

A Fuzzy Controller for Lower Limb Exoskeletons during Sit-to-Stand and Stand-to-Sit Movement Using Wearable Sensors

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Received: 18 November 2013; in revised form: 29 January 2014 / Accepted: 7 February 2014 / Published: 4 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable Gait Sensors)
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Abstract: Human motion is a daily and rhythmic activity. The exoskeleton concept is a very positive scientific approach for human rehabilitation in case of lower limb impairment. Although the exoskeleton shows potential, it is not yet applied extensively in clinical rehabilitation. In this research, a fuzzy based control algorithm is proposed for lower limb exoskeletons during sit-to-stand and stand-to-sit movements. Surface electromyograms (EMGs) are acquired from the vastus lateralis muscle using a wearable EMG sensor. The resultant acceleration angle along the z-axis is determined from a kinematics sensor. Twenty volunteers were chosen to perform the experiments. The whole experiment was accomplished in two phases. In the first phase, acceleration angles and EMG data were acquired from the volunteers during both sit-to-stand and stand-to-sit motions. During sit-to-stand movements, the average acceleration angle at activation was 11°–48° and the EMG varied from −0.19 mV to +0.19 mV. On the other hand, during stand-to-sit movements, the average acceleration angle was found to be 57.5°–108° at the activation point and the EMG varied from −0.32 mV to +0.32 mV. In the second phase, a fuzzy controller was designed from the experimental data. The controller was tested and validated with both offline and real time data using LabVIEW.
Keywords: electromyography (EMG) sensor; kinematics sensor; accelerometer; exoskeleton; fuzzy controller; lower limbs electromyography (EMG) sensor; kinematics sensor; accelerometer; exoskeleton; fuzzy controller; lower limbs
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Taslim Reza, S.M.; Ahmad, N.; Choudhury, I.A.; Ghazilla, R.A.R. A Fuzzy Controller for Lower Limb Exoskeletons during Sit-to-Stand and Stand-to-Sit Movement Using Wearable Sensors. Sensors 2014, 14, 4342-4363.

AMA Style

Taslim Reza SM, Ahmad N, Choudhury IA, Ghazilla RAR. A Fuzzy Controller for Lower Limb Exoskeletons during Sit-to-Stand and Stand-to-Sit Movement Using Wearable Sensors. Sensors. 2014; 14(3):4342-4363.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Taslim Reza, Sharif M.; Ahmad, Norhafizan; Choudhury, Imtiaz A.; Ghazilla, Raja A.R. 2014. "A Fuzzy Controller for Lower Limb Exoskeletons during Sit-to-Stand and Stand-to-Sit Movement Using Wearable Sensors." Sensors 14, no. 3: 4342-4363.


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