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Sensors 2014, 14(3), 4312-4341; doi:10.3390/s140304312
Review

Ambient Assisted Living Healthcare Frameworks, Platforms, Standards, and Quality Attributes

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Received: 16 January 2014; in revised form: 19 February 2014 / Accepted: 24 February 2014 / Published: 4 March 2014
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Abstract: Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) is an emerging multi-disciplinary field aiming at exploiting information and communication technologies in personal healthcare and telehealth systems for countering the effects of growing elderly population. AAL systems are developed for personalized, adaptive, and anticipatory requirements, necessitating high quality-of-service to achieve interoperability, usability, security, and accuracy. The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of the AAL field with a focus on healthcare frameworks, platforms, standards, and quality attributes. To achieve this, we conducted a literature survey of state-of-the-art AAL frameworks, systems and platforms to identify the essential aspects of AAL systems and investigate the critical issues from the design, technology, quality-of-service, and user experience perspectives. In addition, we conducted an email-based survey for collecting usage data and current status of contemporary AAL systems. We found that most AAL systems are confined to a limited set of features ignoring many of the essential AAL system aspects. Standards and technologies are used in a limited and isolated manner, while quality attributes are often addressed insufficiently. In conclusion, we found that more inter-organizational collaboration, user-centered studies, increased standardization efforts, and a focus on open systems is needed to achieve more interoperable and synergetic AAL solutions.
Keywords: Ambient Assisted Living; personal health monitoring; interoperability; healthcare IT; telehealth; electronic health record; participatory development; usability; security and privacy Ambient Assisted Living; personal health monitoring; interoperability; healthcare IT; telehealth; electronic health record; participatory development; usability; security and privacy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Memon, M.; Wagner, S.R.; Pedersen, C.F.; Beevi, F.H.A.; Hansen, F.O. Ambient Assisted Living Healthcare Frameworks, Platforms, Standards, and Quality Attributes. Sensors 2014, 14, 4312-4341.

AMA Style

Memon M, Wagner SR, Pedersen CF, Beevi FHA, Hansen FO. Ambient Assisted Living Healthcare Frameworks, Platforms, Standards, and Quality Attributes. Sensors. 2014; 14(3):4312-4341.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Memon, Mukhtiar; Wagner, Stefan R.; Pedersen, Christian F.; Beevi, Femina H.A.; Hansen, Finn O. 2014. "Ambient Assisted Living Healthcare Frameworks, Platforms, Standards, and Quality Attributes." Sensors 14, no. 3: 4312-4341.



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