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Sensors 2014, 14(3), 4618-4633; doi:10.3390/s140304618
Article

Feasibility Study of a Wearable System Based on a Wireless Body Area Network for Gait Assessment in Parkinson’s Disease Patients

1,2,* , 2
, 2
, 3
, 4
 and 4
1 Campus de Excelencia Internacional (CEI) Moncloa, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (UPM)-Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM), Ciudad Universitaria, Madrid 28003, Spain 2 Life Supporting Technologies Group, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (UPM), Ciudad Universitaria, Madrid 28003, Spain 3 Biomedical Simulations and Imaging Laboratory, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Polytechniou 9, Athens 15780, Greece 4 Division of Neurosciences, Center for Applied Medical Research (CIMA), University of Navarra, Pamplona 31008, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 November 2013 / Revised: 24 February 2014 / Accepted: 27 February 2014 / Published: 7 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable Gait Sensors)
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Abstract

Parkinson’s disease (PD) alters the motor performance of affected individuals. The dopaminergic denervation of the striatum, due to substantia nigra neuronal loss, compromises the speed, the automatism and smoothness of movements of PD patients. The development of a reliable tool for long-term monitoring of PD symptoms would allow the accurate assessment of the clinical status during the different PD stages and the evaluation of motor complications. Furthermore, it would be very useful both for routine clinical care as well as for testing novel therapies. Within this context we have validated the feasibility of using a Body Network Area (BAN) of wireless accelerometers to perform continuous at home gait monitoring of PD patients. The analysis addresses the assessment of the system performance working in real environments.
Keywords: gait assessment; Parkinson’s disease; wearable body area network; accelerometers gait assessment; Parkinson’s disease; wearable body area network; accelerometers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Cancela, J.; Pastorino, M.; Arredondo, M.T.; Nikita, K.S.; Villagra, F.; Pastor, M.A. Feasibility Study of a Wearable System Based on a Wireless Body Area Network for Gait Assessment in Parkinson’s Disease Patients. Sensors 2014, 14, 4618-4633.

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