Application of Motion Sensors for Beam-Tracking of Mobile Stations in mmWave Communication Systems
AbstractIn a millimeter wave (mmWave) communication system with transmit/receive (Tx/Rx) beamforming antennas, small variation in device behavior or an environmental change can destroy beam alignment, resulting in power loss in the received signal. In this situation, the beam-tracking technique purely based on the received signal is not effective because both behavioral changes (rotation, displacement) and environmental changes (blockage) result in power loss in the received signal. In this paper, a motion sensor based on microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) as well as an electrical signal is used for beam tracking to identify the cause of beam error, and an efficient beam-tracking technique is proposed. The motion sensors such as accelerometers, gyroscopes, and geo-magnetic sensor are composed of an attitude heading reference system (AHRS) and a zero-velocity detector (ZVD). The AHRS estimates the rotation angle and the ZVD detects whether the device moves. The proposed technique tracks a beam by handling the specific situation depending on the cause of beam error, minimizing the tracking overhead. The performance of the proposed beam-tracking technique is evaluated by simulations in three typical scenarios. View Full-Text
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Shim, D.-S.; Yang, C.-K.; Kim, J.H.; Han, J.P.; Cho, Y.S. Application of Motion Sensors for Beam-Tracking of Mobile Stations in mmWave Communication Systems. Sensors 2014, 14, 19622-19638.
Shim D-S, Yang C-K, Kim JH, Han JP, Cho YS. Application of Motion Sensors for Beam-Tracking of Mobile Stations in mmWave Communication Systems. Sensors. 2014; 14(10):19622-19638.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shim, Duk-Sun; Yang, Cheol-Kwan; Kim, Jae H.; Han, Joo P.; Cho, Yong S. 2014. "Application of Motion Sensors for Beam-Tracking of Mobile Stations in mmWave Communication Systems." Sensors 14, no. 10: 19622-19638.