Markov Jump Linear Systems-Based Position Estimation for Lower Limb Exoskeletons
AbstractIn this paper, we deal with Markov Jump Linear Systems-based filtering applied to robotic rehabilitation. The angular positions of an impedance-controlled exoskeleton, designed to help stroke and spinal cord injured patients during walking rehabilitation, are estimated. Standard position estimate approaches adopt Kalman filters (KF) to improve the performance of inertial measurement units (IMUs) based on individual link configurations. Consequently, for a multi-body system, like a lower limb exoskeleton, the inertial measurements of one link (e.g., the shank) are not taken into account in other link position estimation (e.g., the foot). In this paper, we propose a collective modeling of all inertial sensors attached to the exoskeleton, combining them in a Markovian estimation model in order to get the best information from each sensor. In order to demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach, simulation results regarding a set of human footsteps, with four IMUs and three encoders attached to the lower limb exoskeleton, are presented. A comparative study between the Markovian estimation system and the standard one is performed considering a wide range of parametric uncertainties.
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Nogueira, S.L.; Siqueira, A.A.G.; Inoue, R.S.; Terra, M.H. Markov Jump Linear Systems-Based Position Estimation for Lower Limb Exoskeletons. Sensors 2014, 14, 1835-1849.
Nogueira SL, Siqueira AAG, Inoue RS, Terra MH. Markov Jump Linear Systems-Based Position Estimation for Lower Limb Exoskeletons. Sensors. 2014; 14(1):1835-1849.Chicago/Turabian Style
Nogueira, Samuel L.; Siqueira, Adriano A.G.; Inoue, Roberto S.; Terra, Marco H. 2014. "Markov Jump Linear Systems-Based Position Estimation for Lower Limb Exoskeletons." Sensors 14, no. 1: 1835-1849.