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Teaching Human Poses Interactively to a Social Robot
Robotics Lab, Systems Engineering and Automation Department, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Av. Universidad 30, Leganés 28911, Spain
Computer Science Department, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Av. Universidad 30, Leganés 28911, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 June 2013; in revised form: 15 August 2013 / Accepted: 5 September 2013 / Published: 17 September 2013
Abstract: The main activity of social robots is to interact with people. In order to do that, the robot must be able to understand what the user is saying or doing. Typically, this capability consists of pre-programmed behaviors or is acquired through controlled learning processes, which are executed before the social interaction begins. This paper presents a software architecture that enables a robot to learn poses in a similar way as people do. That is, hearing its teacher’s explanations and acquiring new knowledge in real time. The architecture leans on two main components: an RGB-D (Red-, Green-, Blue- Depth) -based visual system, which gathers the user examples, and an Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) system, which processes the speech describing those examples. The robot is able to naturally learn the poses the teacher is showing to it by maintaining a natural interaction with the teacher. We evaluate our system with 24 users who teach the robot a predetermined set of poses. The experimental results show that, with a few training examples, the system reaches high accuracy and robustness. This method shows how to combine data from the visual and auditory systems for the acquisition of new knowledge in a natural manner. Such a natural way of training enables robots to learn from users, even if they are not experts in robotics.
Keywords: interactive learning; human–robot interaction; robot learning
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Gonzalez-Pacheco, V.; Malfaz, M.; Fernandez, F.; Salichs, M.A. Teaching Human Poses Interactively to a Social Robot. Sensors 2013, 13, 12406-12430.
Gonzalez-Pacheco V, Malfaz M, Fernandez F, Salichs MA. Teaching Human Poses Interactively to a Social Robot. Sensors. 2013; 13(9):12406-12430.
Gonzalez-Pacheco, Victor; Malfaz, Maria; Fernandez, Fernando; Salichs, Miguel A. 2013. "Teaching Human Poses Interactively to a Social Robot." Sensors 13, no. 9: 12406-12430.