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Sensors 2013, 13(9), 11913-11922; doi:10.3390/s130911913
Article

ABO Blood-Typing Using an Antibody Array Technique Based on Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging

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Received: 4 July 2013; in revised form: 23 August 2013 / Accepted: 2 September 2013 / Published: 9 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plasmonics and Nanoplasmonics Biosensors)
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Abstract: In this study, readily available antibodies that are used in standard agglutination tests were evaluated for their use in ABO blood typing by a surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPR imaging) technique. Five groups of antibodies, including mixed clones of anti-A, anti-B, and anti-AB, and single clones of anti-A and anti-B, were used to construct the five-line detection arrays using a multichannel flow cell in the SPR imager. The red blood cell (RBC) samples were applied to a multichannel flow cell that was orthogonal to the detection line arrays for blood group typing. We found that the blood samples were correctly grouped in less than 12 min by the SPR imaging technique, and the results were consistent with those of the standard agglutination technique for all 60 samples. We found that mixed clones of antibodies provided 33%–68% greater change in the SPR signal than the single-clone antibodies. Applying the SPR imaging technique using readily available antibodies may reduce the costs of the antibodies, shorten the measurement time, and increase the throughput.
Keywords: ABO blood typing; surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPR imaging); immunoassay; antibody arrays ABO blood typing; surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPR imaging); immunoassay; antibody arrays
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Houngkamhang, N.; Vongsakulyanon, A.; Peungthum, P.; Sudprasert, K.; Kitpoka, P.; Kunakorn, M.; Sutapun, B.; Amarit, R.; Somboonkaew, A.; Srikhirin, T. ABO Blood-Typing Using an Antibody Array Technique Based on Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging. Sensors 2013, 13, 11913-11922.

AMA Style

Houngkamhang N, Vongsakulyanon A, Peungthum P, Sudprasert K, Kitpoka P, Kunakorn M, Sutapun B, Amarit R, Somboonkaew A, Srikhirin T. ABO Blood-Typing Using an Antibody Array Technique Based on Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging. Sensors. 2013; 13(9):11913-11922.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Houngkamhang, Nongluck; Vongsakulyanon, Apirom; Peungthum, Patjaree; Sudprasert, Krisda; Kitpoka, Pimpun; Kunakorn, Mongkol; Sutapun, Boonsong; Amarit, Ratthasart; Somboonkaew, Armote; Srikhirin, Toemsak. 2013. "ABO Blood-Typing Using an Antibody Array Technique Based on Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging." Sensors 13, no. 9: 11913-11922.


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