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Sensors 2013, 13(9), 11553-11585; doi:10.3390/s130911553
Article

A Security Analysis of the 802.11s Wireless Mesh Network Routing Protocol and Its Secure Routing Protocols

1
, 1,* , 1
 and 2
1 Department of Ubiquitous IT, Division of Computer & Information Engineering, Dongseo University, Busan 617-716, Korea 2 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 February 2013 / Revised: 15 August 2013 / Accepted: 29 August 2013 / Published: 2 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract

Wireless mesh networks (WMNs) can act as a scalable backbone by connecting separate sensor networks and even by connecting WMNs to a wired network. The Hybrid Wireless Mesh Protocol (HWMP) is the default routing protocol for the 802.11s WMN. The routing protocol is one of the most important parts of the network, and it requires protection, especially in the wireless environment. The existing security protocols, such as the Broadcast Integrity Protocol (BIP), Counter with cipher block chaining message authentication code protocol (CCMP), Secure Hybrid Wireless Mesh Protocol (SHWMP), Identity Based Cryptography HWMP (IBC-HWMP), Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm HWMP (ECDSA-HWMP), and Watchdog-HWMP aim to protect the HWMP frames. In this paper, we have analyzed the vulnerabilities of the HWMP and developed security requirements to protect these identified vulnerabilities. We applied the security requirements to analyze the existing secure schemes for HWMP. The results of our analysis indicate that none of these protocols is able to satisfy all of the security requirements. We also present a quantitative complexity comparison among the protocols and an example of a security scheme for HWMP to demonstrate how the result of our research can be utilized. Our research results thus provide a tool for designing secure schemes for the HWMP.
Keywords: hybrid wireless mesh protocol; secure routing; wireless mesh network; 802.11s; sensor network hybrid wireless mesh protocol; secure routing; wireless mesh network; 802.11s; sensor network
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Tan, W.K.; Lee, S.-G.; Lam, J.H.; Yoo, S.-M. A Security Analysis of the 802.11s Wireless Mesh Network Routing Protocol and Its Secure Routing Protocols. Sensors 2013, 13, 11553-11585.

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