Open AccessThis article is
- freely available
The Performance Analysis of a Real-Time Integrated INS/GPS Vehicle Navigation System with Abnormal GPS Measurement Elimination
Department of Geomatics, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 June 2013; in revised form: 1 August 2013 / Accepted: 12 August 2013 / Published: 15 August 2013
Abstract: The integration of an Inertial Navigation System (INS) and the Global Positioning System (GPS) is common in mobile mapping and navigation applications to seamlessly determine the position, velocity, and orientation of the mobile platform. In most INS/GPS integrated architectures, the GPS is considered to be an accurate reference with which to correct for the systematic errors of the inertial sensors, which are composed of biases, scale factors and drift. However, the GPS receiver may produce abnormal pseudo-range errors mainly caused by ionospheric delay, tropospheric delay and the multipath effect. These errors degrade the overall position accuracy of an integrated system that uses conventional INS/GPS integration strategies such as loosely coupled (LC) and tightly coupled (TC) schemes. Conventional tightly coupled INS/GPS integration schemes apply the Klobuchar model and the Hopfield model to reduce pseudo-range delays caused by ionospheric delay and tropospheric delay, respectively, but do not address the multipath problem. However, the multipath effect (from reflected GPS signals) affects the position error far more significantly in a consumer-grade GPS receiver than in an expensive, geodetic-grade GPS receiver. To avoid this problem, a new integrated INS/GPS architecture is proposed. The proposed method is described and applied in a real-time integrated system with two integration strategies, namely, loosely coupled and tightly coupled schemes, respectively. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed method, field tests with various scenarios are conducted and the results are compared with a reliable reference system.
Keywords: INS; GPS; integration; abnormal measurement
Citations to this Article
Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Chiang, K.-W.; Duong, T.T.; Liao, J.-K. The Performance Analysis of a Real-Time Integrated INS/GPS Vehicle Navigation System with Abnormal GPS Measurement Elimination. Sensors 2013, 13, 10599-10622.
Chiang K-W, Duong TT, Liao J-K. The Performance Analysis of a Real-Time Integrated INS/GPS Vehicle Navigation System with Abnormal GPS Measurement Elimination. Sensors. 2013; 13(8):10599-10622.
Chiang, Kai-Wei; Duong, Thanh T.; Liao, Jhen-Kai. 2013. "The Performance Analysis of a Real-Time Integrated INS/GPS Vehicle Navigation System with Abnormal GPS Measurement Elimination." Sensors 13, no. 8: 10599-10622.