Sensors 2013, 13(7), 9294-9304; doi:10.3390/s130709294
Article

Fabrication of an SPR Sensor Surface with Antifouling Properties for Highly Sensitive Detection of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene Using Surface-Initiated Atom Transfer Polymerization

Graduate School of Information Science and Electrical Engineering, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi-ku, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 May 2013; in revised form: 2 July 2013 / Accepted: 15 July 2013 / Published: 19 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Chemical Sensors)
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Abstract: In this study, we modified a surface plasmon resonance immunosensor chip with a polymer using surface-initiated atom transfer polymerization (SI-ATRP) for the highly sensitive detection of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT). To immobilize a TNT analogue on the polymer, mono-2-(methacryloyloxy)ethylsuccinate (MES), which has a carboxyl group, was used in this study. However, the anti-TNT antibody may adsorb non-specifically on the polymer surface by an electrostatic interaction because MES is negatively charged. Therefore, a mixed monomer with MES and diethylaminoethylmethacrylate (DEAEM), which has a tertiary amino group and is positively charged, was prepared to obtain electroneutrality for suppressing the nonspecific adsorption. The detection of TNT was performed by inhibition assay using the polymer surface. To ensure high sensitivity to TNT, the affinity between the surface and the antibody was optimized by controlling the density of the initiator for ATRP by mixing two types of self-assembled monolayer reagents. As a result, a limit of detection of 5.7 pg/mL (ppt) for TNT was achieved using the optimized surface.
Keywords: trinitrotoluene; surface plasmon resonance; immunosensor; surface initiated atom transfer polymerization; self-assembled monolayer; nonspecific adsorption

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yatabe, R.; Onodera, T.; Toko, K. Fabrication of an SPR Sensor Surface with Antifouling Properties for Highly Sensitive Detection of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene Using Surface-Initiated Atom Transfer Polymerization. Sensors 2013, 13, 9294-9304.

AMA Style

Yatabe R, Onodera T, Toko K. Fabrication of an SPR Sensor Surface with Antifouling Properties for Highly Sensitive Detection of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene Using Surface-Initiated Atom Transfer Polymerization. Sensors. 2013; 13(7):9294-9304.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yatabe, Rui; Onodera, Takeshi; Toko, Kiyoshi. 2013. "Fabrication of an SPR Sensor Surface with Antifouling Properties for Highly Sensitive Detection of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene Using Surface-Initiated Atom Transfer Polymerization." Sensors 13, no. 7: 9294-9304.

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