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Advanced Respiratory Motion Compensation for Coronary MR Angiography
Division of Imaging Sciences & Biomedical Engineering, the Rayne Institute, King's College London, 4th Floor, Lambeth Wing, St Thomas' Hospital, London, SE1 7EH, UK
Wellcome Trust and ESPRC Medical Engineering Center, King's College London, London, SE1 7EH, UK
BHF Centre of Excellence, King's College London, London, SE1 7EH, UK
NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, King's College London, London, SE1 7EH, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 April 2013; in revised form: 15 May 2013 / Accepted: 21 May 2013 / Published: 24 May 2013
Abstract: Despite technical advances, respiratory motion remains a major impediment in a substantial amount of patients undergoing coronary magnetic resonance angiography (CMRA). Traditionally, respiratory motion compensation has been performed with a one-dimensional respiratory navigator positioned on the right hemi-diaphragm, using a motion model to estimate and correct for the bulk respiratory motion of the heart. Recent technical advancements has allowed for direct respiratory motion estimation of the heart, with improved motion compensation performance. Some of these new methods, particularly using image-based navigators or respiratory binning, allow for more advanced motion correction which enables CMRA data acquisition throughout most or all of the respiratory cycle, thereby significantly reducing scan time. This review describes the three components typically involved in most motion compensation strategies for CMRA, including respiratory motion estimation, gating and correction, and how these processes can be utilized to perform advanced respiratory motion compensation.
Keywords: magnetic resonance imaging; coronary magnetic resonance angiography; respiratory motion correction; respiratory navigation
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Henningsson, M.; Botnar, R.M. Advanced Respiratory Motion Compensation for Coronary MR Angiography. Sensors 2013, 13, 6882-6899.
Henningsson M, Botnar RM. Advanced Respiratory Motion Compensation for Coronary MR Angiography. Sensors. 2013; 13(6):6882-6899.
Henningsson, Markus; Botnar, Rene M. 2013. "Advanced Respiratory Motion Compensation for Coronary MR Angiography." Sensors 13, no. 6: 6882-6899.