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Sensors 2013, 13(4), 5273-5285; doi:10.3390/s130405273
Article

Development of Robust and Standardized Cantilever Sensors Based on Biotin/Neutravidin Coupling for Antibody Detection

1,* , 1
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2
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1
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1
 and
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1 Swiss Nano Institute, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, 4056 Basel, Switzerland 2 Concentris GmbH, Davidsbodenstrasse 63, 4056 Basel, Switzerland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 March 2013 / Revised: 10 April 2013 / Accepted: 15 April 2013 / Published: 19 April 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Biosensors)
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Abstract

A cantilever-based protein biosensor has been developed providing a customizable multilayer platform for the detection of antibodies. It consists of a biotin-terminated PEG layer pre-functionalized on the gold-coated cantilever surface, onto which NeutrAvidin is adsorbed through biotin/NeutrAvidin specific binding. NeutrAvidin is used as a bridge layer between the biotin-coated surface and the biotinylated biomolecules, such as biotinylated bovine serum albumin (biotinylated BSA), forming a multilayer sensor for direct antibody capture. The cantilever biosensor has been successfully applied to the detection of mouse anti-BSA (m-IgG) and sheep anti-BSA(s-IgG) antibodies. As expected, the average differential surface stress signals of about 5.7 ± 0.8 ´ 10−3 N/m are very similar for BSA/m-IgG and BSA/s-IgG binding, i.e., they are independent of the origin of the antibody. A statistic evaluation of 112 response curves confirms that the multilayer protein cantilever biosensor shows high reproducibility. As a control test, a biotinylated maltose binding protein was used for detecting specificity of IgG, the result shows a signal of bBSA layer in response to antibody is 5.8 ´ 10−3 N/m compared to bMBP. The pre-functionalized biotin/PEG cantilever surface is found to show a long shelf-life of at least 40 days and retains its responsivity of above 70% of the signal when stored in PBS buffer at 4 °C. The protein cantilever biosensor represents a rapid, label-free, sensitive and reliable detection technique for a real-time protein assay.
Keywords: cantilever; biosensor; protein; multilayer; NeutrAvidin; biotin cantilever; biosensor; protein; multilayer; NeutrAvidin; biotin
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Zhang, J.; Lang, H.P.; Battiston, F.; Backmann, N.; Huber, F.; Gerber, C. Development of Robust and Standardized Cantilever Sensors Based on Biotin/Neutravidin Coupling for Antibody Detection. Sensors 2013, 13, 5273-5285.

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