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Sensors 2013, 13(3), 3232-3241; doi:10.3390/s130303232
Article

Design Optimization of Structural Parameters for Highly Sensitive Photonic Crystal Label-Free Biosensors

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Received: 11 January 2013; in revised form: 11 February 2013 / Accepted: 1 March 2013 / Published: 7 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photonic Crystal Sensors)
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Abstract: The effects of structural design parameters on the performance of nano-replicated photonic crystal (PC) label-free biosensors were examined by the analysis of simulated reflection spectra of PC structures. The grating pitch, duty, scaled grating height and scaled TiO2 layer thickness were selected as the design factors to optimize the PC structure. The peak wavelength value (PWV), full width at half maximum of the peak, figure of merit for the bulk and surface sensitivities, and surface/bulk sensitivity ratio were also selected as the responses to optimize the PC label-free biosensor performance. A parametric study showed that the grating pitch was the dominant factor for PWV, and that it had low interaction effects with other scaled design factors. Therefore, we can isolate the effect of grating pitch using scaled design factors. For the design of PC-label free biosensor, one should consider that: (1) the PWV can be measured by the reflection peak measurement instruments, (2) the grating pitch and duty can be manufactured using conventional lithography systems, and (3) the optimum design is less sensitive to the grating height and TiO2 layer thickness variations in the fabrication process. In this paper, we suggested a design guide for highly sensitive PC biosensor in which one select the grating pitch and duty based on the limitations of the lithography and measurement system, and conduct a multi objective optimization of the grating height and TiO2 layer thickness for maximizing performance and minimizing the influence of parameter variation. Through multi-objective optimization of a PC structure with a fixed grating height of 550 nm and a duty of 50%, we obtained a surface FOM of 66.18 RIU−1 and an S/B ratio of 34.8%, with a grating height of 117 nm and TiO2 height of 210 nm.
Keywords: photonic crystal; guided mode resonance; biosensor; design optimization; desirability function photonic crystal; guided mode resonance; biosensor; design optimization; desirability function
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ju, J.; Han, Y.-A.; Kim, S.-M. Design Optimization of Structural Parameters for Highly Sensitive Photonic Crystal Label-Free Biosensors. Sensors 2013, 13, 3232-3241.

AMA Style

Ju J, Han Y-A, Kim S-M. Design Optimization of Structural Parameters for Highly Sensitive Photonic Crystal Label-Free Biosensors. Sensors. 2013; 13(3):3232-3241.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ju, Jonghyun; Han, Yun-ah; Kim, Seok-min. 2013. "Design Optimization of Structural Parameters for Highly Sensitive Photonic Crystal Label-Free Biosensors." Sensors 13, no. 3: 3232-3241.


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