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GPR-Based Water Leak Models in Water Distribution Systems
FluIng–IMM, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n Edif. 5C 46022, Valencia, Spain
BaTir, Université libre de Bruxelles, Av. F. Roosvelt 50 B-1050, Brussels, Belgium
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 September 2013; in revised form: 30 October 2013 / Accepted: 11 November 2013 / Published: 25 November 2013
Abstract: This paper addresses the problem of leakage in water distribution systems through the use of ground penetrating radar (GPR) as a nondestructive method. Laboratory tests are performed to extract features of water leakage from the obtained GPR images. Moreover, a test in a real-world urban system under real conditions is performed. Feature extraction is performed by interpreting GPR images with the support of a pre-processing methodology based on an appropriate combination of statistical methods and multi-agent systems. The results of these tests are presented, interpreted, analyzed and discussed in this paper.
Keywords: water leak identification; ground penetrating radar (GPR); non-destructive methods; signal and image processing and analysis; water supply systems
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MDPI and ACS Style
Ayala–Cabrera, D.; Herrera, M.; Izquierdo, J.; Ocaña–Levario, S.J.; Pérez–García, R. GPR-Based Water Leak Models in Water Distribution Systems. Sensors 2013, 13, 15912-15936.
Ayala–Cabrera D, Herrera M, Izquierdo J, Ocaña–Levario SJ, Pérez–García R. GPR-Based Water Leak Models in Water Distribution Systems. Sensors. 2013; 13(12):15912-15936.
Ayala–Cabrera, David; Herrera, Manuel; Izquierdo, Joaquín; Ocaña–Levario, Silvia J.; Pérez–García, Rafael. 2013. "GPR-Based Water Leak Models in Water Distribution Systems." Sensors 13, no. 12: 15912-15936.