Abstract: As a “chemical antibody”, oligonucleotide aptamers can specifically bind to their target molecules. However, clinical potential of aptamers in disease diagnosis is not yet fully explored. Using a tumor cell-based selection protocol, we developed single-stranded DNA aptamers for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) tumor cells. The aptamers specifically bound to HL cells with a high affinity, reaching maximal cell binding at 10 nM final concentration. Importantly, the aptamers were able to selectively detect HL cells and did not react to other tumor or blood cells in mixed samples, indicating that the aptamers can be used as a specific probe for in vitro analysis of HL cells. Moreover, due to the inherent properties of DNA, the aptamers were stable in human serum, suggesting potential for in vivo detection of HL tumor cells.
Keywords: aptamer; biostability; Hodgkin lymphoma; single-stranded DNA (ssDNA); tumor cell detection
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Parekh, P.; Kamble, S.; Zhao, N.; Zeng, Z.; Wen, J.; Yuan, B.; Zu, Y. Biostable ssDNA Aptamers Specific for Hodgkin Lymphoma. Sensors 2013, 13, 14543-14557.
Parekh P, Kamble S, Zhao N, Zeng Z, Wen J, Yuan B, Zu Y. Biostable ssDNA Aptamers Specific for Hodgkin Lymphoma. Sensors. 2013; 13(11):14543-14557.
Parekh, Parag; Kamble, Sanchit; Zhao, Nianxi; Zeng, Zihua; Wen, Jianguo; Yuan, Bin; Zu, Youli. 2013. "Biostable ssDNA Aptamers Specific for Hodgkin Lymphoma." Sensors 13, no. 11: 14543-14557.