Sensors 2013, 13(10), 13969-13977; doi:10.3390/s131013969
Article

Identification of Volatiles Produced by Cladosporium cladosporioides CL-1, a Fungal Biocontrol Agent That Promotes Plant Growth

Microbial Plant Activation Lab, Agricultural Microbiology Division, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA, Suwon 441-707, Korea Present Address: Department of Environmental Engineering, Konkuk University, Hwayang Dong, Gwanjin Gu, Seoul 143-701, Korea;
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 August 2013; in revised form: 12 October 2013 / Accepted: 15 October 2013 / Published: 16 October 2013
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Abstract: Certain microbial Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) have been reported to enhance the growth and development of plants. The biocontrol fungi, Cladosporium cladosporioides CL-1 significantly improved the growth of tobacco seedlings in vitro when they were co-cultivated without physical contact. SPME Quadrupole GC/MS/MS revealed that CL-1 emited the volatiles α-pinene, (−)-trans-caryophyllene, tetrahydro-2,2,5,5-tetramethylfuran, dehydroaromadendrene, and (+)-sativene. Potential roles of these volatiles in plant growth and development are discussed. Even though there were several fungal VOCs reported in the past that could influence plant growth, their exact mechanisms of action are not fully known. Fungal VOC-mediated plant growth promotion requires in-depth study in order for this technology to be used in large scale for crops, especially those grown under greenhouse conditions.
Keywords: volatile organic compounds (VOCs); Cladosporium cladosporioides; plant growth promotion; tobacco; SPME-GC-MS

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MDPI and ACS Style

Paul, D.; Park, K.S. Identification of Volatiles Produced by Cladosporium cladosporioides CL-1, a Fungal Biocontrol Agent That Promotes Plant Growth. Sensors 2013, 13, 13969-13977.

AMA Style

Paul D, Park KS. Identification of Volatiles Produced by Cladosporium cladosporioides CL-1, a Fungal Biocontrol Agent That Promotes Plant Growth. Sensors. 2013; 13(10):13969-13977.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paul, Diby; Park, Kyung S. 2013. "Identification of Volatiles Produced by Cladosporium cladosporioides CL-1, a Fungal Biocontrol Agent That Promotes Plant Growth." Sensors 13, no. 10: 13969-13977.

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