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Sensors 2013, 13(10), 13123-13142; doi:10.3390/s131013123
Article

Programmable Gain Amplifiers with DC Suppression and Low Output Offset for Bioelectric Sensors

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Received: 4 July 2013; in revised form: 17 September 2013 / Accepted: 22 September 2013 / Published: 27 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomedical Sensors and Systems)
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Abstract: DC-offset and DC-suppression are key parameters in bioelectric amplifiers. However, specific DC analyses are not often explained. Several factors influence the DC-budget: the programmable gain, the programmable cut-off frequencies for high pass filtering and, the low cut-off values and the capacitor blocking issues involved. A new intermediate stage is proposed to address the DC problem entirely. Two implementations were tested. The stage is composed of a programmable gain amplifier (PGA) with DC-rejection and low output offset. Cut-off frequencies are selectable and values from 0.016 to 31.83 Hz were tested, and the capacitor deblocking is embedded in the design. Hence, this PGA delivers most of the required gain with constant low output offset, notwithstanding the gain or cut-off frequency selected.
Keywords: bioelectric sensors; biomedical electronics; amplifiers; high-pass filters bioelectric sensors; biomedical electronics; amplifiers; high-pass filters
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Carrera, A.; de la Rosa, R.; Alonso, A. Programmable Gain Amplifiers with DC Suppression and Low Output Offset for Bioelectric Sensors. Sensors 2013, 13, 13123-13142.

AMA Style

Carrera A, de la Rosa R, Alonso A. Programmable Gain Amplifiers with DC Suppression and Low Output Offset for Bioelectric Sensors. Sensors. 2013; 13(10):13123-13142.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carrera, Albano; de la Rosa, Ramón; Alonso, Alonso. 2013. "Programmable Gain Amplifiers with DC Suppression and Low Output Offset for Bioelectric Sensors." Sensors 13, no. 10: 13123-13142.



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