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Sensors 2013, 13(10), 12852-12902; doi:10.3390/s131012852
Review

Real-Time Human Ambulation, Activity, and Physiological Monitoring: Taxonomy of Issues, Techniques, Applications, Challenges and Limitations

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Received: 19 July 2013; in revised form: 2 September 2013 / Accepted: 10 September 2013 / Published: 25 September 2013
(This article belongs to the collection Sensors for Globalized Healthy Living and Wellbeing)
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Abstract: Automated methods of real-time, unobtrusive, human ambulation, activity, and wellness monitoring and data analysis using various algorithmic techniques have been subjects of intense research. The general aim is to devise effective means of addressing the demands of assisted living, rehabilitation, and clinical observation and assessment through sensor-based monitoring. The research studies have resulted in a large amount of literature. This paper presents a holistic articulation of the research studies and offers comprehensive insights along four main axes: distribution of existing studies; monitoring device framework and sensor types; data collection, processing and analysis; and applications, limitations and challenges. The aim is to present a systematic and most complete study of literature in the area in order to identify research gaps and prioritize future research directions.
Keywords: sensor-based monitoring; sensor placement; monitoring device framework; data collection and processing; gait assessment/fall risk estimation sensor-based monitoring; sensor placement; monitoring device framework; data collection and processing; gait assessment/fall risk estimation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Khusainov, R.; Azzi, D.; Achumba, I.E.; Bersch, S.D. Real-Time Human Ambulation, Activity, and Physiological Monitoring: Taxonomy of Issues, Techniques, Applications, Challenges and Limitations. Sensors 2013, 13, 12852-12902.

AMA Style

Khusainov R, Azzi D, Achumba IE, Bersch SD. Real-Time Human Ambulation, Activity, and Physiological Monitoring: Taxonomy of Issues, Techniques, Applications, Challenges and Limitations. Sensors. 2013; 13(10):12852-12902.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khusainov, Rinat; Azzi, Djamel; Achumba, Ifeyinwa E.; Bersch, Sebastian D. 2013. "Real-Time Human Ambulation, Activity, and Physiological Monitoring: Taxonomy of Issues, Techniques, Applications, Challenges and Limitations." Sensors 13, no. 10: 12852-12902.


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