Sensors 2013, 13(10), 13054-13062; doi:10.3390/s131013054
Communication

Autonomic Nervous System Responses Can Reveal Visual Fatigue Induced by 3D Displays

1 Department of Emotion Engineering, Graduate School, Sangmyung University, 7 Hongji-Dong, Jongno-Ku, Seoul 110-743, Korea 2 Department of Digital Media, Sangmyung University, 7 Hongji-Dong, Jongno-Ku, Seoul 110-743, Korea 3 Department of Computer Science, Sangmyung University, 7 Hongji-Dong, Jongno-Ku, Seoul 110-743, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 August 2013; in revised form: 17 September 2013 / Accepted: 17 September 2013 / Published: 26 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors for Globalized Healthy Living and Wellbeing)
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Abstract: Previous research has indicated that viewing 3D displays may induce greater visual fatigue than viewing 2D displays. Whether viewing 3D displays can evoke measureable emotional responses, however, is uncertain. In the present study, we examined autonomic nervous system responses in subjects viewing 2D or 3D displays. Autonomic responses were quantified in each subject by heart rate, galvanic skin response, and skin temperature. Viewers of both 2D and 3D displays showed strong positive correlations with heart rate, which indicated little differences between groups. In contrast, galvanic skin response and skin temperature showed weak positive correlations with average difference between viewing 2D and 3D. We suggest that galvanic skin response and skin temperature can be used to measure and compare autonomic nervous responses in subjects viewing 2D and 3D displays.
Keywords: visual fatigue; autonomic nervous system; heart rate; galvanic skin response; skin temperature

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, C.J.; Park, S.; Won, M.J.; Whang, M.; Lee, E.C. Autonomic Nervous System Responses Can Reveal Visual Fatigue Induced by 3D Displays. Sensors 2013, 13, 13054-13062.

AMA Style

Kim CJ, Park S, Won MJ, Whang M, Lee EC. Autonomic Nervous System Responses Can Reveal Visual Fatigue Induced by 3D Displays. Sensors. 2013; 13(10):13054-13062.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Chi J.; Park, Sangin; Won, Myeung J.; Whang, Mincheol; Lee, Eui C. 2013. "Autonomic Nervous System Responses Can Reveal Visual Fatigue Induced by 3D Displays." Sensors 13, no. 10: 13054-13062.

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