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Sensors 2013, 13(10), 13054-13062; doi:10.3390/s131013054
Communication

Autonomic Nervous System Responses Can Reveal Visual Fatigue Induced by 3D Displays

1
, 1
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, 2
 and 3,*
Received: 14 August 2013; in revised form: 17 September 2013 / Accepted: 17 September 2013 / Published: 26 September 2013
(This article belongs to the collection Sensors for Globalized Healthy Living and Wellbeing)
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Abstract: Previous research has indicated that viewing 3D displays may induce greater visual fatigue than viewing 2D displays. Whether viewing 3D displays can evoke measureable emotional responses, however, is uncertain. In the present study, we examined autonomic nervous system responses in subjects viewing 2D or 3D displays. Autonomic responses were quantified in each subject by heart rate, galvanic skin response, and skin temperature. Viewers of both 2D and 3D displays showed strong positive correlations with heart rate, which indicated little differences between groups. In contrast, galvanic skin response and skin temperature showed weak positive correlations with average difference between viewing 2D and 3D. We suggest that galvanic skin response and skin temperature can be used to measure and compare autonomic nervous responses in subjects viewing 2D and 3D displays.
Keywords: visual fatigue; autonomic nervous system; heart rate; galvanic skin response; skin temperature visual fatigue; autonomic nervous system; heart rate; galvanic skin response; skin temperature
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, C.J.; Park, S.; Won, M.J.; Whang, M.; Lee, E.C. Autonomic Nervous System Responses Can Reveal Visual Fatigue Induced by 3D Displays. Sensors 2013, 13, 13054-13062.

AMA Style

Kim CJ, Park S, Won MJ, Whang M, Lee EC. Autonomic Nervous System Responses Can Reveal Visual Fatigue Induced by 3D Displays. Sensors. 2013; 13(10):13054-13062.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Chi J.; Park, Sangin; Won, Myeung J.; Whang, Mincheol; Lee, Eui C. 2013. "Autonomic Nervous System Responses Can Reveal Visual Fatigue Induced by 3D Displays." Sensors 13, no. 10: 13054-13062.



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