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Sensors 2013, 13(1), 71-85; doi:10.3390/s130100071

Foreign Object Detection by Sub-Terahertz Quasi-Bessel Beam Imaging

Food Safety Research Group, Korea Food Research Institute, Backhyun 516, Sungnam, Gyeonggi-do 463-746, Korea
THz Photonics Creative Research Center, ETRI, Daejeon 305-700, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 October 2012 / Revised: 4 December 2012 / Accepted: 11 December 2012 / Published: 20 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)


Food quality monitoring, particularly foreign object detection, has recently become a critical issue for the food industry. In contrast to X-ray imaging, terahertz imaging can provide a safe and ionizing-radiation-free nondestructive inspection method for foreign object sensing. In this work, a quasi-Bessel beam (QBB) known to be nondiffracting was generated by a conical dielectric lens to detect foreign objects in food samples. Using numerical evaluation via the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method, the beam profiles of a QBB were evaluated and compared with the results obtained via analytical calculation and experimental characterization (knife edge method, point scanning method). The FDTD method enables a more precise estimation of the beam profile. Foreign objects in food samples, namely crickets, were then detected with the QBB, which had a deep focus and a high spatial resolution at 210 GHz. Transmitted images using a Gaussian beam obtained with a conventional lens were compared in the sub-terahertz frequency experimentally with those using a QBB generated using an axicon. View Full-Text
Keywords: terahertz imaging; sub-terahertz imaging; quasi-Bessel beam; axicon; foreign object detection; FDTD terahertz imaging; sub-terahertz imaging; quasi-Bessel beam; axicon; foreign object detection; FDTD

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ok, G.; Choi, S.-W.; Park, K.H.; Chun, H.S. Foreign Object Detection by Sub-Terahertz Quasi-Bessel Beam Imaging. Sensors 2013, 13, 71-85.

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