A One ppm NDIR Methane Gas Sensor with Single Frequency Filter Denoising Algorithm
AbstractA non-dispersive infrared (NDIR) methane gas sensor prototype has achieved a minimum detection limit of 1 parts per million by volume (ppm). The central idea of the design of the sensor is to decrease the detection limit by increasing the signal to noise ratio (SNR) of the system. In order to decrease the noise level, a single frequency filter algorithm based on fast Fourier transform (FFT) is adopted for signal processing. Through simulation and experiment, it is found that the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the filter narrows with the extension of sampling period and the increase of lamp modulation frequency, and at some optimum sampling period and modulation frequency, the filtered signal maintains a noise to signal ratio of below 1/10,000. The sensor prototype provides the key techniques for a hand-held methane detector that has a low cost and a high resolution. Such a detector may facilitate the detection of leakage of city natural gas pipelines buried underground, the monitoring of landfill gas, the monitoring of air quality and so on.
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Zhu, Z.; Xu, Y.; Jiang, B. A One ppm NDIR Methane Gas Sensor with Single Frequency Filter Denoising Algorithm. Sensors 2012, 12, 12729-12740.
Zhu Z, Xu Y, Jiang B. A One ppm NDIR Methane Gas Sensor with Single Frequency Filter Denoising Algorithm. Sensors. 2012; 12(9):12729-12740.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhu, Zipeng; Xu, Yuhui; Jiang, Binqing. 2012. "A One ppm NDIR Methane Gas Sensor with Single Frequency Filter Denoising Algorithm." Sensors 12, no. 9: 12729-12740.