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Sensor Systems Based on FPGAs and Their Applications: A Survey
Department of Electronics and Informatics (ETRO), Faculty of Engineering Sciences,Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Pleinlaan 2, Brussels 1050, Belgium
Erasmushogeschool Brussel, Nijverheidskaai 170, Brussels 1070, Belgium
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 July 2012; in revised form: 27 August 2012 / Accepted: 4 September 2012 / Published: 6 September 2012
Abstract: In this manuscript, we present a survey of designs and implementations of research sensor nodes that rely on FPGAs, either based upon standalone platforms or as a combination of microcontroller and FPGA. Several current challenges in sensor networks are distinguished and linked to the features of modern FPGAs. As it turns out, low-power optimized FPGAs are able to enhance the computation of several types of algorithms in terms of speed and power consumption in comparison to microcontrollers of commercial sensor nodes. We show that architectures based on the combination of microcontrollers and FPGA can play a key role in the future of sensor networks, in fields where processing capabilities such as strong cryptography, self-testing and data compression, among others, are paramount.
Keywords: wireless sensor networks; FPGA; 802.15.4
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MDPI and ACS Style
de la Piedra, A.; Braeken, A.; Touhafi, A. Sensor Systems Based on FPGAs and Their Applications: A Survey. Sensors 2012, 12, 12235-12264.
de la Piedra A, Braeken A, Touhafi A. Sensor Systems Based on FPGAs and Their Applications: A Survey. Sensors. 2012; 12(9):12235-12264.
de la Piedra, Antonio; Braeken, An; Touhafi, Abdellah. 2012. "Sensor Systems Based on FPGAs and Their Applications: A Survey." Sensors 12, no. 9: 12235-12264.