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A Novel Method for Measuring In-Shoe Navicular Drop during Gait
Signal Processing and Control Group, Department of Engineering, Aarhus University, Finlandsgade 22, Aarhus N 8200, Denmark
Orthopaedic Surgery Research Unit, Aalborg Hospital-Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark, Sdr. Skovvej 15, Aalborg 9000, Denmark
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 June 2012; in revised form: 17 July 2012 / Accepted: 23 August 2012 / Published: 27 August 2012
Abstract: Analysis of foot movement is essential in the treatment and prevention of foot-related disorders. Measuring the in-shoe foot movement during everyday activities, such as sports, has the potential to become an important diagnostic tool in clinical practice. The current paper describes the development of a thin, flexible and robust capacitive strain sensor for the in-shoe measurement of the navicular drop. The navicular drop is a well-recognized measure of foot movement. The position of the strain sensor on the foot was analyzed to determine the optimal points of attachment. The sensor was evaluated against a state-of-the-art video-based system that tracks reflective markers on the bare foot. Preliminary experimental results show that the developed strain sensor is able to measure navicular drop on the bare foot with an accuracy on par with the video-based system and with a high reproducibility. Temporal comparison of video-based, barefoot and in-shoe measurements indicate that the developed sensor measures the navicular drop accurately in shoes and can be used without any discomfort for the user.
Keywords: capacitive strain sensor; gait analysis; foot movement; foot dynamics; Danfoss PolyPower; dielectric electro active polymer (DEAP); navicular drop; multi-video sequence analysis
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Kappel, S.L.; Rathleff, M.S.; Hermann, D.; Simonsen, O.; Karstoft, H.; Ahrendt, P. A Novel Method for Measuring In-Shoe Navicular Drop during Gait. Sensors 2012, 12, 11697-11711.
Kappel SL, Rathleff MS, Hermann D, Simonsen O, Karstoft H, Ahrendt P. A Novel Method for Measuring In-Shoe Navicular Drop during Gait. Sensors. 2012; 12(9):11697-11711.
Kappel, Simon L.; Rathleff, Michael S.; Hermann, Dan; Simonsen, Ole; Karstoft, Henrik; Ahrendt, Peter. 2012. "A Novel Method for Measuring In-Shoe Navicular Drop during Gait." Sensors 12, no. 9: 11697-11711.