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Sensors 2012, 12(6), 7905-7916; doi:10.3390/s120607905
Article

Design and Theoretical Analysis of a Resonant Sensor for Liquid Density Measurement

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Received: 5 May 2012; in revised form: 16 May 2012 / Accepted: 21 May 2012 / Published: 8 June 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: In order to increase the accuracy of on-line liquid density measurements, a sensor equipped with a tuning fork as the resonant sensitive component is designed in this paper. It is a quasi-digital sensor with simple structure and high precision. The sensor is based on resonance theory and composed of a sensitive unit and a closed-loop control unit, where the sensitive unit consists of the actuator, the resonant tuning fork and the detector and the closed-loop control unit comprises precondition circuit, digital signal processing and control unit, analog-to-digital converter and digital-to-analog converter. An approximate parameters model of the tuning fork is established and the impact of liquid density, position of the tuning fork, temperature and structural parameters on the natural frequency of the tuning fork are also analyzed. On this basis, a tuning fork liquid density measurement sensor is developed. In addition, experimental testing on the sensor has been carried out on standard calibration facilities under constant 20 °C, and the sensor coefficients are calibrated. The experimental results show that the repeatability error is about 0.03% and the accuracy is about 0.4 kg/m3. The results also confirm that the method to increase the accuracy of liquid density measurement is feasible.
Keywords: liquid density measurement; resonant sensor; tuning fork; natural frequency liquid density measurement; resonant sensor; tuning fork; natural frequency
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zheng, D.; Shi, J.; Fan, S. Design and Theoretical Analysis of a Resonant Sensor for Liquid Density Measurement. Sensors 2012, 12, 7905-7916.

AMA Style

Zheng D, Shi J, Fan S. Design and Theoretical Analysis of a Resonant Sensor for Liquid Density Measurement. Sensors. 2012; 12(6):7905-7916.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zheng, Dezhi; Shi, Jiying; Fan, Shangchun. 2012. "Design and Theoretical Analysis of a Resonant Sensor for Liquid Density Measurement." Sensors 12, no. 6: 7905-7916.



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