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Sensors 2012, 12(6), 7350-7409; doi:10.3390/s120607350
Review

A Survey on the Taxonomy of Cluster-Based Routing Protocols for Homogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks

1,* , 2
, 1
 and 3
Received: 30 March 2012; in revised form: 14 May 2012 / Accepted: 20 May 2012 / Published: 30 May 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: The past few years have witnessed increased interest among researchers in cluster-based protocols for homogeneous networks because of their better scalability and higher energy efficiency than other routing protocols. Given the limited capabilities of sensor nodes in terms of energy resources, processing and communication range, the cluster-based protocols should be compatible with these constraints in either the setup state or steady data transmission state. With focus on these constraints, we classify routing protocols according to their objectives and methods towards addressing the shortcomings of clustering process on each stage of cluster head selection, cluster formation, data aggregation and data communication. We summarize the techniques and methods used in these categories, while the weakness and strength of each protocol is pointed out in details. Furthermore, taxonomy of the protocols in each phase is given to provide a deeper understanding of current clustering approaches. Ultimately based on the existing research, a summary of the issues and solutions of the attributes and characteristics of clustering approaches and some open research areas in cluster-based routing protocols that can be further pursued are provided.
Keywords: wireless sensor networks; homogeneous networks; clustering protocol; cluster head; cluster formation; data aggregation; failure management; resource-aware design; survey wireless sensor networks; homogeneous networks; clustering protocol; cluster head; cluster formation; data aggregation; failure management; resource-aware design; survey
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Naeimi, S.; Ghafghazi, H.; Chow, C.-O.; Ishii, H. A Survey on the Taxonomy of Cluster-Based Routing Protocols for Homogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2012, 12, 7350-7409.

AMA Style

Naeimi S, Ghafghazi H, Chow C-O, Ishii H. A Survey on the Taxonomy of Cluster-Based Routing Protocols for Homogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors. 2012; 12(6):7350-7409.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Naeimi, Soroush; Ghafghazi, Hamidreza; Chow, Chee-Onn; Ishii, Hiroshi. 2012. "A Survey on the Taxonomy of Cluster-Based Routing Protocols for Homogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks." Sensors 12, no. 6: 7350-7409.



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