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A Survey on the Taxonomy of Cluster-Based Routing Protocols for Homogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 50603, Malaysia
School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
School of Information and Telecommunication Engineering, Tokai University, Tokyo 259-1292, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 March 2012; in revised form: 14 May 2012 / Accepted: 20 May 2012 / Published: 30 May 2012
Abstract: The past few years have witnessed increased interest among researchers in cluster-based protocols for homogeneous networks because of their better scalability and higher energy efficiency than other routing protocols. Given the limited capabilities of sensor nodes in terms of energy resources, processing and communication range, the cluster-based protocols should be compatible with these constraints in either the setup state or steady data transmission state. With focus on these constraints, we classify routing protocols according to their objectives and methods towards addressing the shortcomings of clustering process on each stage of cluster head selection, cluster formation, data aggregation and data communication. We summarize the techniques and methods used in these categories, while the weakness and strength of each protocol is pointed out in details. Furthermore, taxonomy of the protocols in each phase is given to provide a deeper understanding of current clustering approaches. Ultimately based on the existing research, a summary of the issues and solutions of the attributes and characteristics of clustering approaches and some open research areas in cluster-based routing protocols that can be further pursued are provided.
Keywords: wireless sensor networks; homogeneous networks; clustering protocol; cluster head; cluster formation; data aggregation; failure management; resource-aware design; survey
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Naeimi, S.; Ghafghazi, H.; Chow, C.-O.; Ishii, H. A Survey on the Taxonomy of Cluster-Based Routing Protocols for Homogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2012, 12, 7350-7409.
Naeimi S, Ghafghazi H, Chow C-O, Ishii H. A Survey on the Taxonomy of Cluster-Based Routing Protocols for Homogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors. 2012; 12(6):7350-7409.
Naeimi, Soroush; Ghafghazi, Hamidreza; Chow, Chee-Onn; Ishii, Hiroshi. 2012. "A Survey on the Taxonomy of Cluster-Based Routing Protocols for Homogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks." Sensors 12, no. 6: 7350-7409.