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Sensors 2012, 12(4), 4381-4398; doi:10.3390/s120404381
Article

Adaptive Redundant Lifting Wavelet Transform Based on Fitting for Fault Feature Extraction of Roller Bearings

1
, 1
, 1,*  and 2,*
1 Key Laboratory of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Chao Yang District, Beijing 100124, China 2 School of Mechanical & Electrical Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Chao Yang District, Beijing 100029, China
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 February 2012 / Revised: 20 March 2012 / Accepted: 21 March 2012 / Published: 29 March 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract

A least square method based on data fitting is proposed to construct a new lifting wavelet, together with the nonlinear idea and redundant algorithm, the adaptive redundant lifting transform based on fitting is firstly stated in this paper. By variable combination selections of basis function, sample number and dimension of basis function, a total of nine wavelets with different characteristics are constructed, which are respectively adopted to perform redundant lifting wavelet transforms on low-frequency approximate signals at each layer. Then the normalized lP norms of the new node-signal obtained through decomposition are calculated to adaptively determine the optimal wavelet for the decomposed approximate signal. Next, the original signal is taken for subsection power spectrum analysis to choose the node-signal for single branch reconstruction and demodulation. Experiment signals and engineering signals are respectively used to verify the above method and the results show that bearing faults can be diagnosed more effectively by the method presented here than by both spectrum analysis and demodulation analysis. Meanwhile, compared with the symmetrical wavelets constructed with Lagrange interpolation algorithm, the asymmetrical wavelets constructed based on data fitting are more suitable in feature extraction of fault signal of roller bearings.
Keywords: data fitting; lifting wavelet construction; adaptive; roller bearings; feature extraction data fitting; lifting wavelet construction; adaptive; roller bearings; feature extraction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Yang, Z.; Cai, L.; Gao, L.; Wang, H. Adaptive Redundant Lifting Wavelet Transform Based on Fitting for Fault Feature Extraction of Roller Bearings. Sensors 2012, 12, 4381-4398.

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